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La dinámica de las publicaciones y las patentes como una aproximación al desarrollo científico y tecnológico de los países

  • Clemente Forero

    ()

  • Andrés Zambrano

    ()

The purpose of this paper is to propose a characterization, different from the traditional ones, of developed and developing countries, in terms of science and technology. First, we identify the generating processes of the publication and patent series of the countries. Then we relate the development stages of the countries (Banze (2000)) with the dynamics of the series. The results show that is not necessary to have a strong scientific infrastructure in order to develop the technological field. For some countries, the technological innovation is the mean responsible of the national system of innovation trajectory.*********************************************************************************************************El objetivo de este documento es proponer una caracterización, distinta a las convencionales, de países desarrollados y en desarrollo, en términos de ciencia y tecnología. En primer lugar, identificamos los procesos generadores de las publicaciones y las patentes de los países. Luego relacionamos las etapas de desarrollo de los países (Banze (2000)) con la dinámica encontrada en las series. Los resultados indican que no es necesario tener una infraestructura científica fuerte para desarrollar el ámbito tecnológico. Para algunos países, es la innovación tecnológica la principal responsable de la trayectoria del sistema nacional de innovación.

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Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its series BORRADORES DE INVESTIGACIÓN with number 002977.

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Length: 19
Date of creation: 01 Nov 2004
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Handle: RePEc:col:000091:002977
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  1. Zvi Griliches, 1998. "Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey," NBER Chapters, in: R&D and Productivity: The Econometric Evidence, pages 287-343 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Ariel Pakes, 1981. "Patents, R and D, and the Stock Market Rate of Return," NBER Working Papers 0786, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Eduardo da Motta e Albuquerque & Américo Tristão Bernardes, 2001. "Cross-over, thresholds, and interactions between science and technology: a tentative simplified model and initial notes about statistics from 120 countries," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td157, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  4. Bernardes, Americo Tristao & Albuquerque, Eduardo da Motta e, 2003. "Cross-over, thresholds, and interactions between science and technology: lessons for less-developed countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 865-885, May.
  5. Robert Evenson, 1984. "International Invention: Implications for Technology Market Analysis," NBER Chapters, in: R&D, Patents, and Productivity, pages 89-126 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Freeman, Chris, 2002. "Continental, national and sub-national innovation systems--complementarity and economic growth," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 191-211, February.
  7. Dickey, David A & Fuller, Wayne A, 1981. "Likelihood Ratio Statistics for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 1057-72, June.
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