Peut-on mesurer les performances de développement durable?
The possibility of measuring and comparing sustainability performance is generally taken for granted in management studies and practices based on the evaluation, selection and ranking of the supposedly best companies in the field. The purpose of this article is to question this basic assumption by analyzing the comparability of sustainability performance through a systematic review of 12 mining company reports using Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) guidelines. The analysis of information based on 92 GRI indicators raises serious questions concerning the hypothesis of measurability and comparability of sustainability performance, drawing attention to the main reasons that make it very difficult if not impossible to establish a credible and justifiable classification among organizations. La possibilité de mesurer et de comparer les performances de développement durable est généralement prise pour acquise tant dans les recherches en gestion que dans les pratiques de classement ou de sélection des meilleures entreprises dans ce domaine. L'objectif de cet article est d'examiner cette hypothèse de mesurabilité et de comparabilité des performances de développement durable à partir de l'étude systématique de 12 rapports d'entreprises minières utilisant le même guideline du Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). L'analyse des informations relatives aux 92 indicateurs du GRI utilisés remet en cause l'hypothèse de comparabilité des performances de développement durable en mettant en lumière les principales raisons qui rendent pratiquement impossible l'établissement d'un classement crédible et justifiable entre les entreprises.
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