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The Decision to Import Capital Goods in India: Firms' Financial Factors Matter

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  • Maria Bas
  • Antoine Berthou

Abstract

Are financial constraints preventing firms from importing capital goods? Sourcing capital goods from foreign countries is costly and requires internal or external financial resources. A simple model of foreign technology adoption shows that credit constraints act as a barrier to importing capital goods under imperfect financial markets. In our study, we investigate this prediction using detailed balance-sheet data from a sample of about 5,500 Indian manufacturing firms per year, having reported information on financial statements and imports by type of good over the period 1996-2006. Our empirical findings shed new light on the micro determinants of firms’ choice to import capital goods. Baseline estimation results show that firms with a lower leverage and higher liquidity are more likely to source their capital goods from foreign countries. Quantitatively, an improvement of the liquidity or leverage ratio by 10% increases the probability of importing capital goods by 3% to 5% respectively, independently of productivity. These findings are robust to alternative measures of foreign technology. The effect of leverage is also robust with respect to specifications dealing directly with reverse causality.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Bas & Antoine Berthou, 2011. "The Decision to Import Capital Goods in India: Firms' Financial Factors Matter," Working Papers 2011-06, CEPII research center.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepidt:2011-06
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Schor, Adriana, 2004. "Heterogeneous productivity response to tariff reduction. Evidence from Brazilian manufacturing firms," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 373-396, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ricardo A. López & Huong D. Nguyen, 2015. "Real Exchange Rate Volatility and Imports of Intermediate Inputs: A Microeconometric Analysis of Manufacturing Plants," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(5), pages 972-995, November.
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13581 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Maria Bas & Antoine Berthou, 2012. "The Unequal Effects of Financial Development on Firms' Growth in India," Working Papers 2012-22, CEPII research center.
    4. Sarah Guillou & Stefano Schiavo, 2014. "Exchange rate exposure under liquidity constraints," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(6), pages 1541-1561.
    5. Maria Bas & Antoine Berthou, 2017. "Does Input-Trade Liberalization Affect Firms’ Foreign Technology Choice?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(2), pages 351-384.
    6. Joachim Wagner, 2014. "Credit constraints and exports: evidence for German manufacturing enterprises," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 294-302, January.
    7. Joachim Wagner, 2015. "Credit constraints and margins of import: first evidence for German manufacturing enterprises," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(5), pages 415-430, January.
    8. Mukherjee, Subhadip & Chanda, Rupa, 2017. "Differential effects of trade openness on Indian manufacturing firms," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 273-292.
    9. A. Berthou & G. Horny & J-S. Mésonnier, 2018. "Dollar Funding and Firm-Level Exports," Working papers 666, Banque de France.
    10. Andrey Gnidchenko & Anastasia Mogilat & Olga Mikheeva & Vladimir Salnikov, 2016. "Foreign Technology Transfer: An Assessment of Russia’s Economic Dependence on High-Tech Imports," Foresight-Russia Форсайт, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования «Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», vol. 10(1 (eng)), pages 53-67.
    11. Nakhoda, Aadil, 2012. "The influence of financial leverage of firms on their international trading activities," MPRA Paper 35765, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Fauceglia, Dario, 2015. "Credit constraints, firm exports and financial development: Evidence from developing countries," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 53-66.
    13. McCann, Fergal, 2011. "Access to credit amongst SMEs: Pre and post-crisis evidence from Eastern Europe," Economic Letters 03/EL/11, Central Bank of Ireland.
    14. Dhyne, Emmanuel & Demian, Calin-Vlad & Harasztosi, Péter & Meriküll, Jaanika & Lalinsky, Tibor & Cazacu, Ana-Maria & Bugamelli, Matteo & Soares, Ana Cristina & Berthou, Antoine & Oropallo, Filippo, 2015. "Assessing European firms' exports and productivity distributions: the CompNet trade module," Working Paper Series 1788, European Central Bank.
    15. Joachim Wagner, 2014. "Credit constraints and exports: a survey of empirical studies using firm-level data," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(6), pages 1477-1492.
    16. Bas, M. & Paunov, C., 2014. "The unequal effect of India's industrial liberalization on firms' decision to innovate: Do business conditions matter?," MERIT Working Papers 044, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    17. Bas, Maria, 2014. "Does services liberalization affect manufacturing firms’ export performance? Evidence from India," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 569-589.
    18. Ghosh, Saibal, 2013. "Do economic reforms matter for manufacturing productivity? Evidence from the Indian experience," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 723-733.
    19. Maria Bas, 2012. "Foreign ownership wage premium: Does financial health matter?," Working Papers 2012-24, CEPII research center.
    20. Ricardo Lopez, 2015. "Long Real Exchange Rate Volatility and Imports of Intermediate Inputs: A Microeconometric Analysis of Manufacturing Plants," Working Papers 86, Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Businesss School.
    21. Jan Babecky & Kamil Galuscak & Diana Zigraiova, 2017. "Wage Dynamics and Financial Performance: Evidence from Czech Firms," Working Papers 2017/14, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    22. Fauceglia, Dario, 2015. "Credit market institutions and firm imports of capital goods: Evidence from developing countries," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 902-918.
    23. Bulent Unel, 2016. "Offshoring and Unemployment in a Credit-Constrained Economy," Departmental Working Papers 2016-03, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.
    24. L. Chauvet & H. Ehrhart, 2015. "Aid and Growth. Evidence from Firm-Level Data," Working papers 563, Banque de France.
    25. Maria Bas, 2013. "Does Services Liberalization Affect Manufacturing Firms' Export Performance? Evidence from India," Working Papers 2013-17, CEPII research center.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Access to finance; foreign technology; firm panel data; INDIA; INVESTMENT;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing

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