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Measuring TFP: A Latent Variable Approach

  • Rodrigo Fuentes, Marco Morales

Despite the important role that total factor productivity (TFP) has played in growth literature, few attempts have been made to change the methodology to estimate it. This paper proposes a methodology based on state–space model to estimate TFP and its determinants. With this methodology it is possible to reduce the measurement of our ignorance. As a by-product, this estimation yields the capital share in output and the long-term growth rate. When applied to Chile, the estimation shows a capital share around 0.5 and long term growth of TFP around 1%. Capital accumulation tends to explain more the growth rate in the fast growth periods under the econometric estimation compared to the traditional growth accounting methodology. l II) could be helpful on this task.

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File URL: http://www.bcentral.cl/estudios/documentos-trabajo/pdf/dtbc419.pdf
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Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 419.

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Date of creation: Jun 2007
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Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:419
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  1. Baoline Chen & Peter A. Zadrozny, 2005. "Estimated U.S. Manufacturing Production Capital and Technology Based on an Estimated Dynamic Economic Model," CESifo Working Paper Series 1526, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Douglas Gollin, 2002. "Getting Income Shares Right," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 110(2), pages 458-474, April.
  3. Harvey, A C, et al, 1986. "Stochastic Trends in Dynamic Regression Models: An Application to the Employment-Output Equations," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 96(384), pages 975-85, December.
  4. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?," NBER Working Papers 6564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-37, October.
  6. Esposti, Roberto & Pierani, Pierpaolo, 2000. "Modelling technical change in Italian agriculture: a latent variable approach," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 261-270, April.
  7. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
  8. Costello, Donna M, 1993. "A Cross-Country, Cross-Industry Comparison of Productivity Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(2), pages 207-22, April.
  9. Parente, Stephen L & Prescott, Edward C, 1994. "Barriers to Technology Adoption and Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(2), pages 298-321, April.
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