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Efectos de la Nominalización de la Política Monetaria en Chile

Author

Listed:
  • Rodrigo Fuentes
  • Alejandro Jara
  • Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel
  • Matías Tapia
  • Erika Arraño

Abstract

The Central Bank of Chile replaced its monetary policy instrument in August 2001, shifting from a monetary policy rate (MPR) linked to an indexed unit of account (UF, defined by the lagged CPI) to a nominal MPR denominated in pesos. This policy change was complemented with a significant change in the Central Bank’s liability structure, from short and medium-term indexed debt to nominal peso debt. This paper analyses, both conceptually and empirically, the main effects of MPR nominalization on financial markets and the conduct and effectiveness of monetary policy. As opposed to previous studies on this subject, this paper concludes that the main advantage of nominalization was a widening of monetary policy options, precluding critical situations in the conduct of monetary policy that would have occurred at low MPR levels under the previous scheme of indexed MPRs.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodrigo Fuentes & Alejandro Jara & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Matías Tapia & Erika Arraño, 2003. "Efectos de la Nominalización de la Política Monetaria en Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 197, Central Bank of Chile.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:197
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Willem H. Buiter & Nikolaos Panigirtzoglou, 1999. "Liquidity Traps: How to Avoid Them and How to Escape Them," NBER Working Papers 7245, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. M. Fase, 2005. "On Economics and Religion," De Economist, Springer, vol. 153(1), pages 85-106, December.
    3. Frederic S. Miskin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2007. "Does Inflation Targeting Make a Difference?," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Frederic S. Miskin & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting, edition 1, volume 11, chapter 9, pages 291-372 Central Bank of Chile.
    4. Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2002. "Monetary Policy Functions and Transmission Mechanisms: An Overview," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series (ed.), Monetary Policy: Rules and Transmission Mechanisms, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 1, pages 001-020 Central Bank of Chile.
    5. Milton Friedman, 1971. "A Theoretical Framework for Monetary Analysis," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie71-1.
    6. Juan Andrés Fontaine, 2002. "Consecuencias de la Nominalización de la Política Monetaria," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 39(117), pages 253-275.
    7. Oscar Landerretche & Fernando Lefort & Rodrigo O. Valdés, 2002. "Causes and Consequences of Indexation: A Review of the Literature," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Fernando Lefort & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Serie (ed.), Indexation, Inflation and Monetary Policy, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 2, pages 019-064 Central Bank of Chile.
    8. Hansen, Bruce E., 1992. "Testing for parameter instability in linear models," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 517-533, August.
    9. Schmidt-Hebbel, Klaus & Tapia, Matias, 2002. "Inflation targeting in Chile," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 125-146, August.
    10. Taylor, John B., 1993. "Discretion versus policy rules in practice," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 195-214, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Juan Pablo Medina & Anella Munro & Claudio Soto, 2008. "What Drives the Current Account in Comodity Exporting Countries? The Cases of Chile and New Zealand," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Kevin Cowan & Sebastián Edwards & Rodrigo O. Valdés & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt- (ed.), Current Account and External Financing, edition 1, volume 12, chapter 10, pages 369-434 Central Bank of Chile.
    2. José De Gregorio & Andrea Tokman & Rodrigo Valdés, 2005. "Flexible Exchange Rate with Inflation Targeting in Chile: Experience and Issues," Research Department Publications 4427, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. repec:chb:bcchni:v:19:y:2016:i:3:p:090-109 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Luis Antonio Ahumada & Nicola Cetorelli, 2004. "The Effect of Cross-industry Ownership on Pricing: Evidence of Common Ownership between Banks and Pension Funds in Chile," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Luis Antonio Ahumada & J. Rodrigo Fuentes & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Banking Market Structure and Monetary Policy, edition 1, volume 7, chapter 10, pages 293-314 Central Bank of Chile.
    5. Rodrigo Valdés P., 2007. "Policy Responses to Sudden Stops in Capital Flows: The Case Of Chile In 1998," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 430, Central Bank of Chile.
    6. José De Gregorio & Andrea Tokman & Rodrigo Valdés, 2005. "Tipo de Cambio Flexible con Metas de Inflación en Chile: Experiencia y Temas de Interés," Economic Policy Papers Central Bank of Chile 14, Central Bank of Chile.
    7. Luis Antonio Ahumada & Nicola Cetorelli, 2003. "The Effect of Cross-Industry Ownership on Pricing: Evidence from Bank-Pension Fund Common Ownership in Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 230, Central Bank of Chile.
    8. Bernardita Piedrabuena, 2013. "Competencia en el mercado bancario del crédito en Chile," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4630, Inter-American Development Bank.
    9. Juan Pablo Medina & Claudio Soto, 2005. "Oil Shocks and Monetary Policy in an Estimated DSGE Model for a Small Open Economy," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 353, Central Bank of Chile.
    10. Christian Ferrada K. & Mario Tagle E., 2014. "Estimación Reciente de la Demanda de Dinero en Chile," Notas de Investigación Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 17(3), pages 86-109, December.
    11. R. Fuentes S. & A. Jara R. & K. Schmidt-Hebbel D. & M. Tapia G., 2003. "Monetary Policy Nominalization in Chile: an Evaluation," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 6(2), pages 5-35, August.
    12. Faruk Miguel Liriano, 2017. "The use of foreign exchange derivatives by exporters and importers: the Chilean experience," IFC Bulletins chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Statistical implications of the new financial landscape, volume 43 Bank for International Settlements.
    13. Fernando Aportela & Francisco Gallego & Pablo García, 2003. "Reserves Over the Transitions to Floating and to Inflation Targeting: Lessons From the Developed World," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 211, Central Bank of Chile.

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