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Monetary Policy Nominalization in Chile: an Evaluation

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  • R. Fuentes S.
  • A. Jara R.
  • K. Schmidt-Hebbel D.
  • M. Tapia G.

Abstract

In August of 2001, the Central Bank of Chile modified its main monetary policy instrument, the inflation-indexed monetary policy interest rate MPR it had used so far, to a nominal or peso-denominated rate. A number of consequences, both in the conduct of monetary policy and in the country’s financial markets, can be associated to this new way of taking monetary policy actions. This article evaluates such effects, providing theoretical support and evidence to several hypotheses, some of them found in the existing literature. The main contribution of this so-called “nominalization”—that has not been discussed earlier—is that it extends the scope of operation of monetary policy, something that becomes important when both the interest rate and the inflation rate are low, as is the case today.

Suggested Citation

  • R. Fuentes S. & A. Jara R. & K. Schmidt-Hebbel D. & M. Tapia G., 2003. "Monetary Policy Nominalization in Chile: an Evaluation," Journal Economía Chilena (The Chilean Economy), Central Bank of Chile, vol. 6(2), pages 5-35, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchec:v:6:y:2003:i:2:p:5-35
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Willem H. Buiter & Nikolaos Panigirtzoglou, 1999. "Liquidity Traps: How to Avoid Them and How to Escape Them," NBER Working Papers 7245, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel, 2002. "Monetary Policy Functions and Transmission Mechanisms: An Overview," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Norman Loayza & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Series (ed.),Monetary Policy: Rules and Transmission Mechanisms, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 1, pages 001-020, Central Bank of Chile.
    3. Rodrigo Fuentes & Alejandro Jara & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Matías Tapia & Erika Arraño, 2003. "Efectos de la Nominalización de la Política Monetaria en Chile," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 197, Central Bank of Chile.
    4. Milton Friedman, 1971. "A Theoretical Framework for Monetary Analysis," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie71-1, May.
    5. Juan Andrés Fontaine, 2002. "Consecuencias de la Nominalización de la Política Monetaria," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 39(117), pages 253-275.
    6. Francisco Rosende, 2002. "Introducción al Debate Acerca de los Efectos de la Nominalización de la Política Monetaria," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 39(117), pages 235-236.
    7. Taylor, John B., 1993. "Discretion versus policy rules in practice," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 195-214, December.
    8. William Poole, 1970. "Optimal Choice of Monetary Policy Instruments in a Simple Stochastic Macro Model," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 84(2), pages 197-216.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pablo Pincheira & Mauricio Calani, 2010. "Communicational Bias in Monetary Policy: Can Words Forecast Deeds?," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2010), pages 103-152, August.

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