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Mergers and Acquisitions in the United States: 1990-1994


  • Catherine Armington
  • Alicia Robb


Business merger and acquisition activity has been brisk in the United States in the recent past. Yet very little information has been available to help researchers understand the effects of this activity on jobs, businesses, and the American economy. This paper takes a first look at examining merger and acquisition activity using the newly available Longitudinal Establishment and Enterprise Microdata (LEEM) file. The analysis focuses on industries, establishments, and employment by employment size of firm. A first-time comparison of establishments that were acquired and survived over the 1990-1994 period with those that survived but were not acquired finds that the acquired establishments experienced more job change and, in the end, more net job loss than the nonacquired establishments. Establishments in small firms that were acquired by new or large firms experienced especially rapid job growth; however; job losses in establishments acquired from large firms more than offset these job gains.

Suggested Citation

  • Catherine Armington & Alicia Robb, 1998. "Mergers and Acquisitions in the United States: 1990-1994," Working Papers 98-15, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Handle: RePEc:cen:wpaper:98-15

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. John Baldwin & Paul Gorecki, 1990. "Mergers and the Competitive Process," Working Papers 773, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    2. Zoltan J Acs & Catherine Armington, 1998. "Longitudinal Establishment And Enterprise Microdata (LEEM) Documentation," Working Papers 98-9, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    3. Sang V Nguyen & Robert H Mcguckin, 1993. "On Productivity and Plant Ownership Change: New Evidence From the LRD," Working Papers 93-15, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
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    CES; economic; research; micro; data; microdata; chief; economist;


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