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The Rural-Urban Gap In Manufacturing Productivity And Wages: Effects Of Industry Mix And Region


  • Frederick Gale


This study analyzes urban and rural values of value added per worker and production worker wages tabulated from unpublished 1992 Census of Manufactures data. A decomposition of regional averages separates out effects of regional industry mix from within-industry differentials over a rural-urban continuum and for metro and nonmetro portions of census regions. Comparison of actual 1991-1993 employment growth with regional wage and productivity differentials shows that low wages are strongly associated with job growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Frederick Gale, 1997. "The Rural-Urban Gap In Manufacturing Productivity And Wages: Effects Of Industry Mix And Region," Working Papers 97-6, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Handle: RePEc:cen:wpaper:97-6

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ciccone, Antonio & Hall, Robert E, 1996. "Productivity and the Density of Economic Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 54-70, March.
    2. Philip R. Israilevich & William A. Testa, 1989. "The geography of value added," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Sep, pages 2-12.
    3. G. B. Norcliffe & P. Mitchell, 1977. "Structural Effects and Provincial Productivity Variations in Canadian Manufacturing Industry," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 10(4), pages 695-701, November.
    4. Edward E. Leamer, 1994. "Trade, Wages and Revolving Door Ideas," NBER Working Papers 4716, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Charles A. Campbell, 1995. "Industrial Filtering In A Nonmetropolitan Area Of The South," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 25(2), pages 219-235, Fall.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gale, Jr., H. Frederick, 1998. "Labor Productivity and Wages in Rural and Urban Manufacturing Plants," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 28(1), pages 13-26, Summer.

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    CES; economic; research; micro; data; microdata; chief; economist;


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