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Segregation by Racial and Demographic Group: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area

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  • Miller, Vincent P.
  • Quigley, John M.

Abstract

This paper considers residential segregation by race and by type of household in 1970 and 1980. The paper presents entropy indices of segregation fro the San Francisco Bay Area and its five metropolitan areas. The methodology permits an investigation of the effects of group definition upon segregation measures, and an analysis of the degree of independence in the segregation of households by race and demographic group. The results indicate that the levels of segregation by race and by household type have declined modestly during the 1970s, at least in this region. More importantly, however, the results indicate a remarkable independence in the spatial distribution of households by race and demographic group. Only a very small fraction of the observed levels of segregation by race could be 'explained' by the prior partitioning of households by demographic group. The principal results of the analysis are invariant to changes in the definition of racial or household groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Miller, Vincent P. & Quigley, John M., 1990. "Segregation by Racial and Demographic Group: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt1839w13f, University of California Transportation Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt1839w13f
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Douglas Massey, 1979. "Residential segregation of Spanish Americans in united states Urbanized Areas," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 16(4), pages 553-563, November.
    2. Barrie Morgan & John Norbury, 1981. "Some further observations on the index of residential differentiation," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 18(2), pages 251-256, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. P. A. Jargowsky, "undated". "Take the money and run: Economic segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas," Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers 1056-95, University of Wisconsin Institute for Research on Poverty.
    2. O'Regan, Katherine M. & Quigley, John M., 1991. "Labor market access and labor market outcomes for urban youth," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 277-293, July.
    3. Bayer, Patrick & McMillan, Robert & Rueben, Kim S., 2004. "What drives racial segregation? New evidence using Census microdata," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 514-535, November.
    4. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan, 2005. "Racial Sorting and Neighborhood Quality," NBER Working Papers 11813, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan & Kim Rueben, 2003. "An Equilibrium Model of Sorting in an Urban Housing Market: A Study of the Causes and Consequences of Residential Segregation," Working Papers 03-01, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    6. Glaeser, Edward L., 2014. "Understanding housing: The intellectual legacy of John Quigley," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 3-12.
    7. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan & Kim Rueben, 2003. "An Equilibrium Model of Sorting in an Urban Housing Market: The Causes and Consequences of Residential Segregation," Working Papers 860, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
    8. Krupka, Douglas J., 2008. "The Stability of Mixed Income Neighborhoods in America," IZA Discussion Papers 3370, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Bayer, Patrick & Fang, Hanming & McMillan, Robert, 2014. "Separate when equal? Racial inequality and residential segregation," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 32-48.
    10. O'Regan, Katherine M., 1992. "Space and Poverty: The Effect of Concentrated Poverty on Employment in Large Urban Areas," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt1xd1z9dw, University of California Transportation Center.
    11. De la Roca, Jorge & Ellen, Ingrid Gould & O'Regan, Katherine M., 2014. "Race and neighborhoods in the 21st century: What does segregation mean today?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 138-151.
    12. Harsman Bjorn & Quigley John M., 1995. "The Spatial Segregation of Ethnic and Demographic Groups: Comparative Evidence from Stockholm and San Francisco," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 1-16, January.
    13. Guinea-Martin, Daniel & Mora, Ricardo & Ruiz-Castillo, Javier, 2012. "The joint effect of ethnicity and gender on occupational segregation : an approach based on the Mutual Information Index," UC3M Working papers. Economics we1140, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    14. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan & Kim Rueben, 2004. "Residential Segregation in General Equilibrium," Working Papers 885, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
    15. Claudio Agostini, 2010. "Pobreza, Desigualdad y Segregación en la Región Metropolitana," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv242, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
    16. Katherine M. O'Regan & John M. Quigley, 1998. "Where Youth Live: Economic Effects of Urban Space on Employment Prospects," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 35(7), pages 1187-1205, June.

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