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The Effect of Industrialization on Children’s Education – The Experience of Mexico

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  • Le Brun, Anne
  • Helper, Susan
  • Levine, David I.

Abstract

We use census data to examine the impact of industrialization on children’s education in Mexico. We find no evidence of reverse causality in this case. We find small positive effects of industrialization on primary education, effects which are larger for domestic manufacturing than for export-intensive assembly(maquiladoras). In contrast, teen-aged girls in Mexican counties(municipios) with more growth in maquiladora employment 1990-2000 have significantly less educational attainment than do girls in low-growth counties. These results shed light on literatures analyzing the impacts of industrialization, foreign investment, and intra-household bargaining power.

Suggested Citation

  • Le Brun, Anne & Helper, Susan & Levine, David I., 2009. "The Effect of Industrialization on Children’s Education – The Experience of Mexico," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt13n1b2zh, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdl:indrel:qt13n1b2zh
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    Cited by:

    1. David Atkin, 2016. "Endogenous Skill Acquisition and Export Manufacturing in Mexico," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(8), pages 2046-2085, August.
    2. Heath, Rachel & Mushfiq Mobarak, A., 2015. "Manufacturing growth and the lives of Bangladeshi women," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 1-15.
    3. Gerhard Toews & Alexander Libman, 2017. "Getting Incentives Right: Human Capital Investment and Natural Resource Booms," Working Papers 370, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    4. Basakha, Mehdi & Hossein Mohaqeqi Kamal, Seyed, 2019. "Industrial development and social welfare: A case study of Iran," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Industrializaton; Mexico; Maquiladoras;

    JEL classification:

    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology

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