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Income Taxation and Business Incorporation: Evidence from the Early Twentieth Century

  • Li Liu

    ()

    (Centre for Business Taxation, University of Oxford)

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If the corporate income tax is set at a different rate from non-corporate in-come tax, it can play an important role in a firm’s choice of organizational form. The impact and interdependency of income tax incentives are crucial factors in the formation of designing efficient tax policies. In this paper I exploit the variation in income taxes across U.S. states in the early twentieth century to estimate these sensitivities. Potential endogeneity of state taxes is addressed using an IV approach. The results demonstrate that the relative taxation of corporate to personal income has a significant impact on the corporate share of economic activities. On average, a one percent increase in corporate taxes is associated with 0.2-0.3 percent decreases the corporate share of economic activities, whereas a one per-cent increase in personal taxes raises the corporate share of economic activities by 0.5-0.6 percent.

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File URL: http://www.sbs.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/Business_Taxation/Docs/Publications/Working_Papers/Series_12/WP1205-final.pdf
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Paper provided by Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation in its series Working Papers with number 1205.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:btx:wpaper:1205
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  1. Peter Egger & Christian Keuschnigg & Hannes Winner, 2008. "Incorporation and Taxation: Theory and Firm-level Evidence," University of St. Gallen Department of Economics working paper series 2008 2008-20, Department of Economics, University of St. Gallen.
  2. Ruud A. de Mooij & Gaëtan Nicodème, 2007. "Corporate tax policy and incorporation in the EU," Working Papers CEB 07-016.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Da Rin, Marco & Di Giacomo, Marina & Sembenelli, Alessandro, 2011. "Entrepreneurship, firm entry, and the taxation of corporate income: Evidence from Europe," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(9-10), pages 1048-1066, October.
  4. Timothy Guinnane & Ron Harris & Naomi R. Lamoreaux & Jean-Laurent Rosenthal, 2007. "Putting the Corporation in its Place," NBER Working Papers 13109, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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