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The sensitivity of aggregate consumption to human wealth

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  • Hasan Bakhshi

Abstract

The Permanent Income Hypothesis (PIH) assumes that individuals base their decisions on lifetime wealth, not current income. Textbook versions of the PIH predict that the elasticity of consumption with respect to human wealth is equal to the share of human wealth in total wealth. Comparing calibrated wealth shares with econometrically estimated elasticities amounts to a simple test of the PIH. In the United Kingdom, aggregate consumption is found to be more sensitive to changes in human wealth than is predicted by the PIH. This does not appear to be explained by a simple, but common, treatment of credit constraints.

Suggested Citation

  • Hasan Bakhshi, 2000. "The sensitivity of aggregate consumption to human wealth," Bank of England working papers 108, Bank of England.
  • Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:108
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    File URL: http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/archive/Documents/historicpubs/workingpapers/2000/wp108.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hall, Robert E, 1978. "Stochastic Implications of the Life Cycle-Permanent Income Hypothesis: Theory and Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(6), pages 971-987, December.
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    4. repec:fth:harver:1435 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Campbell, John Y. & Mankiw, N. Gregory, 1991. "The response of consumption to income : A cross-country investigation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 723-756, May.
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    7. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Stanley Fischer, 1989. "Lectures on Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262022834, May.
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    9. Buiter, Willem H, 1988. "Death, Birth, Productivity Growth and Debt Neutrality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(391), pages 279-293, June.
    10. Elwood, S Kirk, 1998. "Testing for Excess Sensitivity in Consumption: A State-Space/Unobserved Components Approach," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 30(1), pages 64-82, February.
    11. Flavin, Marjorie A, 1981. "The Adjustment of Consumption to Changing Expectations about Future Income," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(5), pages 974-1009, October.
    12. Julia Darby & Jonathan Ireland, 1994. "Consumption, Forward Looking Behaviour and Financial Deregulation," Working Papers Series 94/5, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
    13. R. Tiff Macklem, 1997. "Aggregate Wealth in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 152-168, February.
    14. Hayashi, Fumio, 1982. "The Permanent Income Hypothesis: Estimation and Testing by Instrumental Variables," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 895-916, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Emilio Fernandez-Corugedo & Simon Price, 2002. "Financial liberalisation and consumers' expenditure: 'FLIB' re-examined," Bank of England working papers 157, Bank of England.

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