IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Quadratic Assignment Procedure (QAP)


  • William Simpson

    () (Harvard Business School)


Some data sets contain observations corresponding to pairs of entities (people, companies, countries, etc.). Conceptually, each observation corresponds to a cell in a square matrix, where the rows and columns are labelled by the entities. For example, consider a square matrix where the rows and columns are the 50 U.S. states. Each observation would contain numbers such as the distance between the pair of states, exports from one state to the other, etc. The observations are not independent, so estimation procedures designed for independent observations will calculate incorrect standard errors. The quadratic assignment procedure (QAP), which is commonly used in social network analysis, is a resampling-based method, similar to the bootstrap, for calculating the correct standard errors. This talk explains the QAP algorithm and describes the -qap- command, with syntax similar to -bstrap- command, which implements the quadratic assignment procedure and allows running any estimation command using QAP samples.

Suggested Citation

  • William Simpson, 2001. "The Quadratic Assignment Procedure (QAP)," North American Stata Users' Group Meetings 2001 1.2, Stata Users Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:boc:asug01:1.2

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Galik, Christopher S., 2015. "Exploring the determinants of emerging bioenergy market participation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 107-116.
    2. Ray Reagans, 2005. "Preferences, Identity, and Competition: Predicting Tie Strength from Demographic Data," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 51(9), pages 1374-1383, September.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:boc:asug01:1.2. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christopher F Baum). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.