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Tasa de cambio y Crecimiento Económico en Colombia Durante la Última Década

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  • Juan José Echavarría
  • María Angélica Arbelaéz

Abstract

Este documento utiliza el modelo sugerido por Bleakley & Cowan (2002) para analizar el impacto de la tasa de cambio real sobre la inversión, las ventas y las utilidades de las empresas colombianas en el período 1994- 2002. Se encuentra un impacto claramente positivo. Tres factores explican la respuesta favorable a la tasa de cambio: la respuesta de los exportadores e importadores es alta y rápida en Colombia (fuertes efectos competitividad); el nivel de deuda externa es mucho menor que en otros países de la región y ha descendido en los últimos años; , y existe un calce entre actividad y deuda (se endeudan más las firmas exportadoras y las multinacionales). El stock de capital inicial se corrige con base en la metodología sugerida por Harberger (1969), y la información sobre deuda externa se mejora sensiblemente al utilizar los información interna del Banco de la República. Se utiliza la técnica econométrica sugerida por Arellano & Bover (1995), apropiada cuando el número de años es corto y la persistencia de la variable dependiente es alta, pero también se reportan los resultados con la metodología sugerida por Arellano & Bond (1991). Los resultados de ambas metodologías resultan consistentes, en parte por que el nivel de persistencia observado para la variable dependiente resulta relativamente baja.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan José Echavarría & María Angélica Arbelaéz, 2005. "Tasa de cambio y Crecimiento Económico en Colombia Durante la Última Década," Borradores de Economia 338, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:338
    DOI: 10.32468/be.338
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hernando Vargas, 2008. "The transmission mechanism of monetary policy in Colombia: major changes and current features," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Transmission mechanisms for monetary policy in emerging market economies, volume 35, pages 183-211, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Eduardo Wiesner, 2008. "The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Policy Reform in Latin America," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 12913.
    3. Ludek Niedermayer, 2008. "Notes on the monetary transmission mechanism in the Czech economy," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Transmission mechanisms for monetary policy in emerging market economies, volume 35, pages 213-219, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Ana María Iregui B. & Luis Fernando Melo V. & María Teresa Ramírez G. & Carmen Cecilia Delgado R., 2013. "El efecto de la volatilidad y del desalineamiento de la tasa de cambio real sobre la actividad de las empresas en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 011106, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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