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Tasa de cambio y Crecimiento Económico en Colombia Durante la Última Década

  • Juan José Echavarría

    ()

  • María Angélica Arbelaéz

Este documento utiliza el modelo sugerido por Bleakley & Cowan (2002) para analizar el impacto de la tasa de cambio real sobre la inversión, las ventas y las utilidades de las empresas colombianas en el período 1994- 2002. Se encuentra un impacto claramente positivo. Tres factores explican la respuesta favorable a la tasa de cambio: la respuesta de los exportadores e importadores es alta y rápida en Colombia (fuertes efectos competitividad); el nivel de deuda externa es mucho menor que en otros países de la región y ha descendido en los últimos años; , y existe un calce entre actividad y deuda (se endeudan más las firmas exportadoras y las multinacionales). El stock de capital inicial se corrige con base en la metodología sugerida por Harberger (1969), y la información sobre deuda externa se mejora sensiblemente al utilizar los información interna del Banco de la República. Se utiliza la técnica econométrica sugerida por Arellano & Bover (1995), apropiada cuando el número de años es corto y la persistencia de la variable dependiente es alta, pero también se reportan los resultados con la metodología sugerida por Arellano & Bond (1991). Los resultados de ambas metodologías resultan consistentes, en parte por que el nivel de persistencia observado para la variable dependiente resulta relativamente baja.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 338.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:338
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  1. M Arellano & O Bover, 1990. "Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error-Components Models," CEP Discussion Papers dp0007, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 1996. "Foundations of International Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262150476.
  3. Ben S. Bernanke & Kevin Carey, 1996. "Nominal Wage Stickiness and Aggregate Supply in the Great Depression," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(3), pages 853-883.
  4. Hoyt Bleakley & Kevin Cowan, 2005. "Corporate Dollar Debt and Depreciations: Much Ado About Nothing?," Research Department Publications 4411, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Simon Gilchrist & Charles Himmelberg, 1999. "Investment: Fundamentals and Finance," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1998, volume 13, pages 223-274 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Leonardo Villar, 1985. "Determinantes de las importaciones en Colombia: un análisis econométrico," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 4(8), pages 61-100, Diciembre.
  7. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
  8. R Blundell & Steven Bond, . "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data model," Economics Papers W14&104., Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  9. Israel Fainboim, 1990. "Inversión, tributación y costo de uso del capital en Colombia: 1950-1987," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 9(18), pages 7-50, Diciembre.
  10. Cardenas, Mauricio & Barrera, Felipe, 1997. "On the effectiveness of capital controls: The experience of Colombia during the 1990s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 27-57, October.
  11. Krugman, Paul & Taylor, Lance, 1978. "Contractionary effects of devaluation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 445-456, August.
  12. José Antonio Ocampo & Juan Luis Londoño & Leonardo Villar, 1985. "Ahorro e inversión en Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, vol. 15(2), pages 93-141, June.
  13. Ben S. Bernanke & Kevin Carey, 1996. "Nominal Wage Stickiness and Aggregate Supply in the Great Depression," NBER Working Papers 5439, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Frank Windmeijer, 2000. "A finite sample correction for the variance of linear two-step GMM estimators," IFS Working Papers W00/19, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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