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On the importance of openness for industrial policy design in developing countries


  • Kjetil Bjorvatn

    () (Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration)

  • Nicola D. Coniglio

    () (University of Bari)


Should industrial policy be targeted to a few sectors or be more broad based and therefore more neutral? Our theoretical analysis demonstrates that access to foreign markets is key to answering this question. We show that in a less open economy, industrial policy should be targeted, while in a more open economy, broad based policies are likely to be more effective. One implication of this results is that deregulation is likely to be more successful in a relatively open economy than in a more closed economy. Indeed, deregulation with limited foreign market access may lead to deindustrialization. We provide empirical results that support these predictions.

Suggested Citation

  • Kjetil Bjorvatn & Nicola D. Coniglio, 2007. "On the importance of openness for industrial policy design in developing countries," SERIES 0014, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza - Universit√† degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", revised Feb 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:bai:series:economia-series14

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Da Rin, Marco & Hellmann, Thomas, 2002. "Banks as Catalysts for Industrialization," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 366-397, October.
    2. Murphy, Kevin M & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1989. "Industrialization and the Big Push," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(5), pages 1003-1026, October.
    3. Howard Pack & Kamal Saggi, 2006. "Is There a Case for Industrial Policy? A Critical Survey," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 267-297.
    4. Pack, Howard & Saggi, Kamal, 2006. "The case for industrial policy : a critical survey," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3839, The World Bank.
    5. Bruce Greenwald & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2006. "Helping Infant Economies Grow: Foundations of Trade Policies for Developing Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 141-146, May.
    6. Ades, Alberto & Di Tella, Rafael, 1997. "National Champions and Corruption: Some Unpleasant Interventionist Arithmetic," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(443), pages 1023-1042, July.
    7. Sachs, Jeffrey D & Warner, Andrew M, 1997. "Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 6(3), pages 335-376, October.
    8. Kjetil Bjorvatn & Nicola D. Coniglio, 2006. "Policy Design and Rent Seeking: Targeted versus Broad Based Intervention," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(4), pages 577-585, November.
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    More about this item


    Industrialization; policy design; policy reform; economic growth; openess;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O20 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General


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