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From biotech to bioeconomy: New empirical evidence on the technological transition to plant-based bioeconomy based on patent data

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  • Muhamed Kudic
  • Mariia Shkolnykova

Abstract

Nowadays environmental and climate issues have brought the topic of bioeconomy to the political agenda around the world. Plant-based bioeconomy (pBE) has a key role in securing sustainable supplies of energy, food and raw materials for increasingly aging and growing societies. However, the technological roots and development path of pBE are far from being fully understood. Accordingly, we seek to contribute to an in-depth understanding of how biotechnology innovations affected the emergence of bioeconomy by exploring the technological field evolution of plant-based patent applications between 1995 and 2015 in Germany. We employ patent citation data and conduct forward citation analysis to trace technological trajectories within plant-based biotechnology. We extend previous work by combining patent-based citation analysis with text-mining approach. Main path analysis allows the identification of main players within plant-based biotechnology over time. Our explorations reveal dominant and also peripheral technologies within the sphere of plant-based applications and provide us in this way with a more comprehensive understanding of the field´s technological evolution. Our findings suggest a transition from basic biotechnological research towards more sustainability- and medicine-related technological orientation in the field.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhamed Kudic & Mariia Shkolnykova, 2020. "From biotech to bioeconomy: New empirical evidence on the technological transition to plant-based bioeconomy based on patent data," Bremen Papers on Economics & Innovation 2002, University of Bremen, Faculty of Business Studies and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:atv:wpaper:2002
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.26092/elib/204
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Plant-based bioeconomy; Technological change; Technological path analysis; Patent analysis; Text mining;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • L65 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Chemicals; Rubber; Drugs; Biotechnology; Plastics

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