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Reference Class Forecasting for Hong Kong's Major Roadworks Projects

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  • Bent Flyvbjerg
  • Chi-keung Hon
  • Wing Huen Fok

Abstract

Reference class forecasting is a method to remove optimism bias and strategic misrepresentation in infrastructure projects and programmes. In 2012 the Hong Kong government's Development Bureau commissioned a feasibility study on reference class forecasting in Hong Kong - a first for the Asia-Pacific region. This study involved 25 roadwork projects, for which forecast costs and durations were compared with actual outcomes. The analysis established and verified the statistical distribution of the forecast accuracy at various stages of project development, and benchmarked the projects against a sample of 863 similar projects. The study contributed to the understanding of how to improve forecasts by de-biasing early estimates, explicitly considering the risk appetite of decision makers, and safeguarding public funding allocation by balancing exceedance and under-use of project budgets.

Suggested Citation

  • Bent Flyvbjerg & Chi-keung Hon & Wing Huen Fok, 2017. "Reference Class Forecasting for Hong Kong's Major Roadworks Projects," Papers 1710.09419, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1710.09419
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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1710.09419
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    1. Li Liu & Zigrid Napier, 2010. "The accuracy of risk-based cost estimation for water infrastructure projects: preliminary evidence from Australian projects," Construction Management and Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 89-100.
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