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Admissible Trading Strategies under Transaction Costs


  • Walter Schachermayer


A well known result in stochastic analysis reads as follows: for an $\mathbb{R}$-valued super-martingale $X = (X_t)_{0\leq t \leq T}$ such that the terminal value $X_T$ is non-negative, we have that the entire process $X$ is non-negative. An analogous result holds true in the no arbitrage theory of mathematical finance: under the assumption of no arbitrage, a portfolio process $x+(H\cdot S)$ verifying $x+(H\cdot S)_T\geq 0$ also satisfies $x+(H\cdot S)_t\geq 0,$ for all $0 \leq t \leq T$. In the present paper we derive an analogous result in the presence of transaction costs. A counter-example reveals that the consideration of transaction costs makes things more delicate than in the frictionless setting.

Suggested Citation

  • Walter Schachermayer, 2013. "Admissible Trading Strategies under Transaction Costs," Papers 1308.1492,, revised May 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1308.1492

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/5630 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. W. Schachermayer, 1994. "Martingale Measures For Discrete-Time Processes With Infinite Horizon," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(1), pages 25-55.
    3. repec:dau:papers:123456789/5455 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:crs:wpaper:9513 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Luciano Campi & Walter Schachermayer, 2006. "A super-replication theorem in Kabanov’s model of transaction costs," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 579-596, December.
    6. Harrison, J. Michael & Kreps, David M., 1979. "Martingales and arbitrage in multiperiod securities markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 381-408, June.
    7. Jaksa Cvitanić & Ioannis Karatzas, 1996. "HEDGING AND PORTFOLIO OPTIMIZATION UNDER TRANSACTION COSTS: A MARTINGALE APPROACH-super-2," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(2), pages 133-165.
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    Cited by:

    1. Czichowsky, Christoph & Schachermayer, Walter, 2016. "Duality theory for portfolio optimisation under transaction costs," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 63362, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Christoph Czichowsky & Walter Schachermayer, 2015. "Portfolio optimisation beyond semimartingales: shadow prices and fractional Brownian motion," Papers 1505.02416,, revised Aug 2016.
    3. Erhan Bayraktar & Xiang Yu, 2015. "Optimal Investment with Random Endowments and Transaction Costs: Duality Theory and Shadow Prices," Papers 1504.00310,, revised Jul 2017.
    4. Czichowsky, Christoph & Schachermayer, Walter & Yang, Junjian, 2017. "Shadow prices for continuous processes," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 63370, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Christoph Czichowsky & Walter Schachermayer, 2014. "Duality Theory for Portfolio Optimisation under Transaction Costs," Papers 1408.5989,
    6. Christoph Czichowsky & Walter Schachermayer & Junjian Yang, 2014. "Shadow prices for continuous processes," Papers 1408.6065,, revised May 2015.

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