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On the estimation of integrated covariance matrices of high dimensional diffusion processes

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  • Xinghua Zheng
  • Yingying Li

Abstract

We consider the estimation of integrated covariance (ICV) matrices of high dimensional diffusion processes based on high frequency observations. We start by studying the most commonly used estimator, the realized covariance (RCV) matrix. We show that in the high dimensional case when the dimension $p$ and the observation frequency $n$ grow in the same rate, the limiting spectral distribution (LSD) of RCV depends on the covolatility process not only through the targeting ICV, but also on how the covolatility process varies in time. We establish a Mar\v{c}enko--Pastur type theorem for weighted sample covariance matrices, based on which we obtain a Mar\v{c}enko--Pastur type theorem for RCV for a class $\mathcal{C}$ of diffusion processes. The results explicitly demonstrate how the time variability of the covolatility process affects the LSD of RCV. We further propose an alternative estimator, the time-variation adjusted realized covariance (TVARCV) matrix. We show that for processes in class $\mathcal {C}$, the TVARCV possesses the desirable property that its LSD depends solely on that of the targeting ICV through the Mar\v{c}enko--Pastur equation, and hence, in particular, the TVARCV can be used to recover the empirical spectral distribution of the ICV by using existing algorithms.

Suggested Citation

  • Xinghua Zheng & Yingying Li, 2010. "On the estimation of integrated covariance matrices of high dimensional diffusion processes," Papers 1005.1862, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1005.1862
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Zhang, Lan, 2011. "Estimating covariation: Epps effect, microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 33-47, January.
    2. Christensen, Kim & Kinnebrock, Silja & Podolskij, Mark, 2010. "Pre-averaging estimators of the ex-post covariance matrix in noisy diffusion models with non-synchronous data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 159(1), pages 116-133, November.
    3. Jianqing Fan & Yingying Li & Ke Yu, 2012. "Vast Volatility Matrix Estimation Using High-Frequency Data for Portfolio Selection," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 107(497), pages 412-428, March.
    4. Aït-Sahalia, Yacine & Mykland, Per A. & Zhang, Lan, 2011. "Ultra high frequency volatility estimation with dependent microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 160-175, January.
    5. Silverstein, J. W., 1995. "Strong Convergence of the Empirical Distribution of Eigenvalues of Large Dimensional Random Matrices," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 331-339, November.
    6. Yin, Y. Q., 1986. "Limiting spectral distribution for a class of random matrices," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 50-68, October.
    7. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Neil Shephard, 2004. "Econometric Analysis of Realized Covariation: High Frequency Based Covariance, Regression, and Correlation in Financial Economics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(3), pages 885-925, May.
    8. Jean Jacod & Yingying Li & Per A. Mykland & Mark Podolskij & Mathias Vetter, 2007. "Microstructure Noise in the Continuous Case: The Pre-Averaging Approach - JLMPV-9," CREATES Research Papers 2007-43, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    9. Yingying Li & Per A. Mykland, 2007. "Are volatility estimators robust with respect to modeling assumptions?," Papers 0709.0440, arXiv.org.
    10. Zhang, Lan & Mykland, Per A. & Ait-Sahalia, Yacine, 2005. "A Tale of Two Time Scales: Determining Integrated Volatility With Noisy High-Frequency Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 1394-1411, December.
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