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GINI DP 61: Expansion of Schooling and Educational Inequality in Europe: Educational Kuznets Curve Revisited


  • Elena Meschi

    () (Institute of Education ,Room 405, University of London)

  • Francesco Scervini

    () (Collegio Carlo Alberto, Università degli Studi, Torino)


This paper analyses the relationship between schooling expansion and educational inequality in a panel of developed countries over different birth cohorts. Compared to previous literature, we expand the comprehension of this relationship by exploiting the longitudinal dimension of our data and by focusing on different measures of inequality. We find evidence of a non-linear relationship between expansion and inequality of education and we argue that this evidence is complementary and not necessarily in contrast with the educational Kuznets curve found by previous studies. We also discuss how educational policies may influence educational inequality and we find that the length of compulsory education affects inequality only through its effect on average education, while school tracking shapes inequality independently of the level of education. JEL codes: I21, I24

Suggested Citation

  • Elena Meschi & Francesco Scervini, 2012. "GINI DP 61: Expansion of Schooling and Educational Inequality in Europe: Educational Kuznets Curve Revisited," GINI Discussion Papers 61, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:aia:ginidp:61

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    Cited by:

    1. Aleknavičiūtė Rasa & Skvarciany Viktorija & Survilaitė Simona, 2016. "The Role of Human Capital for National Innovation Capability in Eu Countries," Economics and Culture, De Gruyter Open, vol. 13(1), pages 114-125, June.
    2. Elena Meschi & Francesco Scervini, 2014. "A new dataset on educational inequality," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 47(2), pages 695-716, September.
    3. G.A. Diah Utari, 2014. "Growth and Inequality in Indonesia: Does Kuznets Curve Hold?," EcoMod2014 7353, EcoMod.

    More about this item


    education; inequality; Kuznets curve; panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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