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Market-Oriented Reforms in Bangladesh and their Impact on Poverty?

Author

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  • Tisdell, Clement A.
  • Alauddin, Mohammad

Abstract

After providing some general background on developments in Bangladesh’s economy, the article indicates the nature of international political pressures, as represented by the Washington consensus, put on Bangladesh to adopt market-oriented reforms. The sequencing and pattern of Bangladesh’s market reforms and their consequences for its external balance are then examined. Particular attention is given to the fact that its macroeconomic reforms preceded its microeconomic ones. The impacts of Bangladesh’s market reforms on the incidence of poverty can be seen as part of the general question of the effects of these reforms on social welfare. The Human Development Index (HDI) for Bangladesh is considered in this context. Poverty may be measured in different ways. Here, the Human Poverty Index (HPI) and the incidence of poverty (based on Bangladesh’s official poverty line) are considered as indicators of the extent of poverty in Bangladesh, and these measures are qualified. The relationships of HDI, of HPI and of the incidence of poverty in rural and urban areas to the progress of Bangladesh’s market reforms (as measured by the openness of its economy) is examined. No strong evidence is found to indicate that the market reforms have reduced the incidence of poverty in Bangladesh.

Suggested Citation

  • Tisdell, Clement A. & Alauddin, Mohammad, 2002. "Market-Oriented Reforms in Bangladesh and their Impact on Poverty?," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90521, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uqseet:90521
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/90521
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lasselle, Laurence & Svizzero, Serge & Tisdell, Clement Allan, 2001. "Diversity, Globalisation and Market Stability," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 54(3), pages 385-399.
    2. Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "The Political Economy of Globalisation: Processes involving the Role of Markets, Institutions and Governance," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90507, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    3. Tisdell, Clement A. & Svizzero, Serge, 2001. "Globalization, Social Welfare, Labor Markets and Fiscal Competition," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90503, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    4. Tisdell, Clem & Seidl, Irmi, 2004. "Niches and economic competition: implications for economic efficiency, growth and diversity," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 119-135, June.
    5. Svizzero, Serge & Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "Concepts of Competition in Theory and Practice," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90469, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    6. Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "Competition and Evolution in Economics and Ecology Compared," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90506, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
    7. Tisdell, Clement A., 2001. "Globalisation, the Environment and Sustainability: EKC, Neo-Malthusian Concerns and the WTO," Economic Theory, Applications and Issues Working Papers 90502, University of Queensland, School of Economics.
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