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The Performance Of Agricultural Marketing Cooperatives In Differentiated Product Markets

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  • Cotterill, Ronald W.

Abstract

Recent empirical work suggests that cooperative presence in differentiated product markets lowers the consumer prices of all brands. This paper focuses on the theoretical basis for this competitive yardstick effect by cooperatives. It identifies two market structures where the competitive yardstick theorem for cooperatives can be extended from farmer-first handler markets to differentiated consumer product markets. They are (1) oligopoly with significant barriers to entry and (2) monopolistic competition with entry but only non-price competition. In the latter, the cooperative can also ensure that the socially optimal number of brands (product variety) is provided by the industry. The theory also provides useful guidance for determining when supply-limiting conduct in differentiated product markets should be challenged as undue price enhancement under the Capper-Volstead law.
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  • Cotterill, Ronald W., 1997. "The Performance Of Agricultural Marketing Cooperatives In Differentiated Product Markets," Strategy and Policy in the Food System: Emerging Issues, June 20-21, 1996, Washington, D.C. 25936, Regional Research Project NE-165 Private Strategies, Public Policies, and Food System Performance.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:rpssiw:25936
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.25936
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    Cited by:

    1. Evans, Lewis & Meade, Richard, 2005. "The Role and Significance of Cooperatives in New Zealand Agriculture, A Comparative Institutional Analysis," Working Paper Series 3847, Victoria University of Wellington, The New Zealand Institute for the Study of Competition and Regulation.
    2. Richard T. Rogers, 2001. "Structural change in U.S. food manufacturing, 1958-1997," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 3-32.
    3. Qiao Liang & Xinxin Wang, 2020. "Cooperatives as competitive yardstick in the hog industry?—Evidence from China," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 36(1), pages 127-145, January.
    4. Malvido Perez Carletti Agustina & Hanisch Markus & Rommel Jens & Fulton Murray, 2018. "Farm Gate Prices for Non-Varietal Wine in Argentina: A Multilevel Comparison of the Prices Paid by Cooperatives and Investor-Oriented Firms," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 16(1), pages 1-14, January.
    5. Royer, Jeffrey S., 2014. "The Neoclassical Theory of Cooperatives: Part II," Journal of Cooperatives, NCERA-210, vol. 28, pages 1-17.
    6. Noel, Jay E. & Ahern, James & Schaffner, David J. & Johnson, Jill & Muelrath, Kristina & Schroeder, Kyle, 2002. "The Economic Feasibility of Forming a California Wheat Growers’ Cooperative," Research Reports 143136, University of California, Davis, Center for Cooperatives.
    7. Kumse, Kaittisak & Suzuki, Nobuhiro & Sato, Takeshi & Demont, Matty, 2021. "The spillover effect of direct competition between marketing cooperatives and private intermediaries: Evidence from the Thai rice value chain," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C).
    8. De Carvalho Reis Neves, Mateus & Freitas, Carlos Otavio & De Figueiredo Silva, Felipe & Braga, Marcelo J. & Costa, Davi M., 2021. "The effect of marketing through cooperatives on income distribution in Brazil," 2021 Annual Meeting, August 1-3, Austin, Texas 314007, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    9. Rafat A. M. E. Soboh & Alfons Oude Lansink & Gerard Giesen & Gert van Dijk, 2009. "Performance Measurement of the Agricultural Marketing Cooperatives: The Gap between Theory and Practice," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 446-469.

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