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The Propensity to Consume Income from Different Sources and Implications for Saving: An Application to Norwegian Farm Households

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  • Sand, Roald

Abstract

Traditionally, farm households have relatively high saving and low marginal propensity to consume (MPC). In the last decades, this seems to have changed. To investigate these matters, a dynamic consumption model is estimated using a GMM-system estimator and a panel of 258 Norwegian farm households followed from 1976-1997. The main findings are that the MPC of farm income is lower than for off-farm income and that average MPC is low but increasing over time in these households. This may imply that some of the observed reduction in farm saving is explained by reduced need for precautionary saving.

Suggested Citation

  • Sand, Roald, 2002. "The Propensity to Consume Income from Different Sources and Implications for Saving: An Application to Norwegian Farm Households," Workshop on the Farm Household-Firm Unit: Its Importance in Agriculture and Implications for Statistics, April 12-13, 2002, Wye Campus,Imperial College 15716, International Agricultural Policy Reform and Adjustment Project (IAPRAP).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iapr02:15716
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Martin Browning & Annamaria Lusardi, 1996. "Household Saving: Micro Theories and Micro Facts," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(4), pages 1797-1855, December.
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    3. Gordon L. Carriker & Michael R. Langemeier & Ted C. Schroeder & Allen M. Featherstone, 1993. "Propensity to Consume Farm Family Disposable Income from Separate Sources," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 75(3), pages 739-744.
    4. O'Mara, L. Paul & Mullen, John D. & Powell, Roy A. & Reece, B.F., 1988. "The Consumption Behaviour of Farmers: a review of the evidence," Review of Marketing and Agricultural Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 56(02), August.
    5. Chen, Kevin Z. & Meilke, Karl D. & Turvey, Calum, 1999. "Income risk and farm consumption behavior," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 20(2), March.
    6. Michael R. Langemeier & George F. Patrick, 1990. "Farmers' Marginal Propensity to Consume: An Application to Illinois Grain Farms," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 72(2), pages 309-316.
    7. Loyland, Knut & Ringstad, Vidar, 2001. "Gains and structural effects of exploiting scale-economies in Norwegian dairy production," Agricultural Economics of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 24(2), January.
    8. Miles, David, 1997. "A Household Level Study of the Determinants of Incomes and Consumption," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 107(440), pages 1-25, January.
    9. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    10. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
    11. Nickell, Stephen J, 1981. "Biases in Dynamic Models with Fixed Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(6), pages 1417-1426, November.
    12. Knut A. Magnussen, 1994. "Precautionary Saving and Old-Age Pensions," Discussion Papers 108, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
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