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Urban Agricultural Practice in Residential Areas of Pune (India) and the Contribution to Urban Sustainability


  • Zasada, I.
  • Weltin, M.
  • Zoll, F.
  • Benninger, S.L.


Urban agriculture (UA) is regarded as an emerging tool and strategy for sustainable urban development as it addresses a wide array of objectives, such as climate change adaptation, social equality, food security or the restauration of environmental and living conditions. This is particularly important in the case of rapidly growing cities and metropolitan regions of developing and transition countries. Therefore it gains increasing attention among the academic and planning community. We have carried out a survey among 120 gardeners in residential neighbourhoods of the city of Pune (India). We investigated prevailing UA cultivation practices, socio-economic situations, motivation, knowledge and networking of individual household and external framework conditions to analyse the contributions to the environmental, economic and socio-cultural dimensions of urban sustainability. An analytical framework using composite indicators with index values was applied to enable comparability between the two UA types of terrace / rooftop and backyard / kitchen gardens. Our results show that both types contribute differently to urban sustainability at indicator level, but rather similarly at the aggregated level of the sustainability dimension. Sustainability benefits can be expected for the environmental and socio-cultural side, especially for urban biodiversity conservation and aesthetic green urban spaces, but less for economic contributions. Acknowledgement : The authors would like to thank FLOW social sciences research organization for their kind support to conduct the survey among urban gardeners. This work was supported by a fellowship within the Postdoc-Program of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).

Suggested Citation

  • Zasada, I. & Weltin, M. & Zoll, F. & Benninger, S.L., 2018. "Urban Agricultural Practice in Residential Areas of Pune (India) and the Contribution to Urban Sustainability," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 276992, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae18:276992

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    1. Zezza, Alberto & Tasciotti, Luca, 2010. "Urban agriculture, poverty, and food security: Empirical evidence from a sample of developing countries," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 265-273, August.
    2. Thomas Macias, 2008. "Working Toward a Just, Equitable, and Local Food System: The Social Impact of Community‐Based Agriculture," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1086-1101, December.
    3. Calvet-Mir, Laura & Gómez-Baggethun, Erik & Reyes-García, Victoria, 2012. "Beyond food production: Ecosystem services provided by home gardens. A case study in Vall Fosca, Catalan Pyrenees, Northeastern Spain," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 153-160.
    4. Merten Nefs & Susana Alves & Ingo Zasada & Dagmar Haase, 2013. "Shrinking cities as retirement cities? Opportunities for shrinking cities as green living environments for older individuals," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 45(6), pages 1455-1473, June.
    5. repec:aph:ajpbhl:10.2105/ajph.2010.300111_8 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:356:d:68073 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Thomas Krikser & Annette Piorr & Regine Berges & Ina Opitz, 2016. "Urban Agriculture Oriented towards Self-Supply, Social and Commercial Purpose: A Typology," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(3), pages 1-19, August.
    8. Ina Opitz & Kathrin Specht & Regine Berges & Rosemarie Siebert & Annette Piorr, 2016. "Toward Sustainability: Novelties, Areas of Learning and Innovation in Urban Agriculture," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-18, April.
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