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Biofuel Production, Sustainability and Food Security in India

Author

Listed:
  • Murali, Palanichamy
  • Hari, Kuppusamy
  • Karpagam, Chidambara
  • Govindaraj, Gurrappa
  • Subhagowri, Jaganthan

Abstract

Biofuels provide only around 2% of total transport fuel today, by 2050, 32 exajoules of biofuels will be used globally, accounting 27% of the world transport fuel. Some biofuels already perform well in economic terms, particularly sugarcane ethanol and other low cost agricultural biofuels. The biofuel program in India at niche stage though the policy has been rolled out well in advance. India has carefully designed the biofuel policy and blending ratio to reduce CO2 emissions and import of the crude oil. The log linear demand function was used to estimate the crude oil, diesel and petrol demand. Based on the demand, the bioethanol and biodiesel requirements were estimated. The possible ways to meet out the biofuel demand and production frontier were elaborated. Proper policy making, domestic production support measures for sustainable biofuel production and infrastructure for anhydrous ethanol storage are the guidepost for successful biofuel program in India.

Suggested Citation

  • Murali, Palanichamy & Hari, Kuppusamy & Karpagam, Chidambara & Govindaraj, Gurrappa & Subhagowri, Jaganthan, 2015. "Biofuel Production, Sustainability and Food Security in India," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 212512, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae15:212512
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/212512/files/Murali-Bio%20Fuel%20Production_%20Sustainability%20and%20Food%20Security-80.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pesaran, M. Hashem & Shin, Y. & Smith, R.J., 1999. "Bounds Testing Approaches to the Analysis of Long-run Relationships," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9907, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    2. Parikh, Jyoti & Purohit, Pallav & Maitra, Pallavi, 2007. "Demand projections of petroleum products and natural gas in India," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1825-1837.
    3. Ghosh, Sajal, 2010. "High speed diesel consumption and economic growth in India," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 1794-1798.
    4. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Keywords

    Agricultural and Food Policy; Environmental Economics and Policy;

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