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Dairy sector reforms and transformation in Uganda since the 1990s


  • Mbowa, Swaibu
  • Shinyekwa, Isaac
  • Lwanga, Musa


The Dairy sector in Uganda has responded positively to agricultural sector liberalisation policies that took effect in the 1990s. Total national milk production has grown from 460 million litres in 1990 to 1.6 billion litres in 2011, with per capita milk consumption growing from 16 litres in 1986to 58 litres by 2010. A variety of dairy products that were previously imported are now being produced locally in the country. Driven largely by dairy, the livestock sector has maintained positive growth rates averaging 3 percent per annum compared to the declining (and often negative) growth rates registered in the food and cash crop sub sectors. Milk production increased primarily from growth in cattle population, and secondarily from adoption of higher milk yielding cattle. While milk production remains concentrated in the Western milk shed, there is evidence of dairy activities spreading to other non-traditional milk producing regions of the country especially in the Central and Eastern regions of Uganda. Development of the value chain in the dairy sector has led to employment creation and income generation not only for about 700,000 dairy farming households, but also for farm input dealers, dairy equipment dealers, dairy ingredients dealers, raw milk traders, milk transporters, mini-dairies, large scale milk processors, and distributors...

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  • Mbowa, Swaibu & Shinyekwa, Isaac & Lwanga, Musa, 2012. "Dairy sector reforms and transformation in Uganda since the 1990s," Research Reports 148954, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eprcrr:148954
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.148954

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ssewanyana, Sarah N. & Okidi, John A., 2007. "Poverty estimates from Uganda National Household Survey III, 2005/2006," Occasional Papers 54710, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
    2. Benin, Samuel & Nkonya, Ephraim & Okecho, Geresom & Randriamamonjy, Josée & Kato, Edward & Lubadde, Geofrey & Kyotalimye, Miriam & Byekwaso, Francis, 2011. "Impact of Uganda's National Agricultural Advisory Services program:," Research reports samuelbenin, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Liz Ignowski & Bart Minten & Jo Swinnen & Bjorn Van Campenhout & Senne Vandevelde, 2021. "Trade, value chain technology and prices: evidence from dairy in East Africa," Working Papers of Department of Economics, Leuven 671298, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB), Department of Economics, Leuven.
    2. Kabunga, Nassul S., 2014. "Improved dairy cows in Uganda: Pathways to poverty alleviation and improved child nutrition:," IFPRI discussion papers 1328, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Bjorn Van Campenhout & Bart Minten & Johan F. M. Swinnen, 2021. "Leading the way – foreign direct investment and dairy value chain upgrading in Uganda," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 52(4), pages 607-631, July.
    4. Adong, Annet & Mwaura, Francis & Okoboi, Geofrey, 2012. "What determines membership to farmer groups in Uganda? Evidence from the Uganda Census of Agriculture 2008/09," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126774, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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