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Impact of Uganda's National Agricultural Advisory Services program:


  • Benin, Samuel
  • Nkonya, Ephraim
  • Okecho, Geresom
  • Randriamamonjy, Josée
  • Kato, Edward
  • Lubadde, Geofrey
  • Kyotalimye, Miriam
  • Byekwaso, Francis


In Uganda, agricultural extension has been hotly debated since the implementation of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) program in 2001. Conceived as a demand-driven approach and largely publicly funded with services provided by the private sector, the NAADS program targets the development and use of farmer institutions. It is a key strategy in the government's poverty-reduction and national development plan. Due to methodological challenges arising from the complex ways that many factors influence the relationship between extension inputs and outcomes, as well as data-quality issues, the effectiveness of agricultural extension in raising agricultural productivity and incomes and reducing poverty is often viewed with skepticism among policymakers and development practitioners. The NAADS program has been no exception. Some initial evaluations, mostly qualitative in nature, indicate the program has had a favorable effect on increasing the use of improved technologies, marketed output, and wealth status of farmers receiving services from the program. However, the program does not appear to be promoting improved soil-fertility management, raising concern about the sustainability of potential productivity increases. Now that the first phase of the program has ended, this study rigorously assesses the outcomes and impacts obtained thus far, in order to help inform the current second phase and offer lessons for others implementing or planning to implement demand-driven agricultural advisory services in developing countries. The findings presented here are useful to policymakers of central and local governments, farmer groups, advisory service providers, donors, and others seeking to improve agricultural extension services in Uganda and elsewhere. Program evaluators and policy analysts will find the methods instructive.

Suggested Citation

  • Benin, Samuel & Nkonya, Ephraim & Okecho, Geresom & Randriamamonjy, Josée & Kato, Edward & Lubadde, Geofrey & Kyotalimye, Miriam & Byekwaso, Francis, 2011. "Impact of Uganda's National Agricultural Advisory Services program:," Research reports samuelbenin, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:resrep:samuelbenin

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    1. repec:bla:devpol:v:36:y:2018:i:5:p:607-627 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Kasirye, Ibrahim, 2013. "Constraints to Agricultural Technology Adoption in Uganda: Evidence from the 2005/06-2009/10 Uganda National Panel Survey," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2), pages 1-18, August.
    3. Ferris, Shaun & Engoru, Patrick & Kaganzi, Elly, 2008. "Making market information services work better for the poor in Uganda:," CAPRi working papers 77, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Mbowa, Swaibu & Shinyekwa, Isaac & Lwanga, Musa, 2012. "Dairy sector reforms and transformation in Uganda since the 1990s," Research Reports 148954, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
    5. Benin, Samuel, 2014. "Impact of Ghana’s agricultural mechanization services center program:," IFPRI discussion papers 1330, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. KjÆr, Anne Mette, 2015. "Political Settlements and Productive Sector Policies: Understanding Sector Differences in Uganda," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 230-241.

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    Impact assessment; Agricultural extension; Land management;

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