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Is there a trade-off between NTMs and Tariff protection in Mediterranean countries?


  • Marco, Lorena Tudela
  • Martinez-Gomez, Victor
  • Álvarez-Coque, José María García


Resulting from the reduction of tariffs, the significance of and the interest in the impact of Non-Tariff Measures on agricultural trade has increased. The aim of this paper is to analyze the relationship between NTMs and tariffs in Mediterranean (MED) countries. A product-by-product taxonomy combining the two measures was created, and later a statistical analysis between them was applied. We identified an overall relatively low level of protection. Our findings indicate that there are dynamic substitution statistical relationships between NTM and tariffs, although with big variations across goods and countries, which gives room to ongoing efforts of harmonization in the area of agricultural trade.

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  • Marco, Lorena Tudela & Martinez-Gomez, Victor & Álvarez-Coque, José María García, 2014. "Is there a trade-off between NTMs and Tariff protection in Mediterranean countries?," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182838, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae14:182838

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    1. Hiau LooiKee & Alessandro Nicita & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2009. "Estimating Trade Restrictiveness Indices," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(534), pages 172-199, January.
    2. Bown, Chad P. & Tovar, Patricia, 2011. "Trade liberalization, antidumping, and safeguards: Evidence from India's tariff reform," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 115-125, September.
    3. Dean Judith M & Signoret José E & Feinberg Robert M. & Ludema Rodney D. & Ferrantino Michael J, 2009. "Estimating the Price Effects of Non-Tariff Barriers," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-41, March.
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