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Do Agricultural Subsidies Crowd-out or Stimulate Rural Credit Market Institutions?: The Case of CAP Payments

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  • Ciaian, Pavel
  • Pokrivcak, Jan
  • Szegenyova, Katarina

Abstract

In this paper we estimate the impact of CAP subsidies on farm bank loans. According to the theoretical results, if subsidies are paid at the beginning of the growing season they may reduce bank loans, whereas if they are paid at the end of the season they increase bank loans, but these results are conditional on credit constraint and on the relative cost of internal and external financing. In empirical analysis we use the FADN farm level panel data for period 1995-2007. We employ the fixed effects and the GMM models to estimate the impact of subsidies on farm loans. The estimated results suggest that (i) subsidies influence farm loans and the effects tend to be non-linear and indirect; (ii) both coupled and decoupled subsidies stimulate long-term farm loans, but the long-term loans of big farms increase more than those of small farms due to decoupled subsidies; (iii) the short-term loans are affected only by decoupled subsidies, and they are altered by decoupled subsidies more for small farms than for large farms; however (v) when controlling for the endogeneity, only the decoupled payments appear to affect loans and the relationship is non-linear.

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  • Ciaian, Pavel & Pokrivcak, Jan & Szegenyova, Katarina, 2011. "Do Agricultural Subsidies Crowd-out or Stimulate Rural Credit Market Institutions?: The Case of CAP Payments," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114289, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaae11:114289
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    Cited by:

    1. Bojnec, Stefan, 2011. "Agricultural and Rural Capital Markets in the EU Candidate Countries: Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey," Working Papers 117489, Factor Markets, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    2. Van Herck, Kristine & Swinnen, Johan F.M. & Deconinck, Koen, 2012. "How the East Was Won: Supply Chain Restructuring in the Eastern European Beer Market," Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development, vol. 61(4).
    3. Petrick, Martin & Kloss, Mathias, 2012. "Drivers of agricultural capital productivity in selected EU member states," Factor Markets Working Papers 137, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    4. Veselinović, Branislav & Drobnjaković, Maja, 2014. "Qualitative And Quantitative Analysis Of Micro And Macro Aspects Of Agricultural Finance," Economics of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 61(3).
    5. Bojnec, Štefan, 2011. "Agricultural and Rural Capital Markets in the EU Candidate Countries: Croatia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey," Factor Markets Working Papers 108, Centre for European Policy Studies.

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    Keywords

    Agricultural Finance;

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