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The Effects of Agro-clusters on Rural Poverty:A Spatial Perspective for West Java of Indonesia


  • Wardhana, Dadan
  • Ihle, Rico
  • Heijman, Wim


The agricultural sector plays an important role for rural economies. However, rural populations still face poverty as one main issue threating livelihoods. Regional concentration and specialization in agricultural production and processing is referred to as agro-clusters. These clusters might generate income possibilities so that rural poverty may be reduced. We empirically analyse this question by applying spatial econometric models because neighbouring regional economies are likely to influence each other. The analysis focuses on the 545 sub-districts of the West Java province of Indonesia where about 10% of the population live in poverty. Concentration of agricultural employment is found to have significant effects on poverty reduction in the sub-district as well as its neighbouring regions. Specialisation in agricultural output is also found to cause lower poverty rates. This implies that the government should support the regional specialization in agriculture. Based on the identification of the comparative advantage of each sub-district, the government should establish regional production nuclei in agriculture in order to boost the specialization. Care has to be taken of the spillover effects the policies will have for surrounding areas.

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  • Wardhana, Dadan & Ihle, Rico & Heijman, Wim, 2015. "The Effects of Agro-clusters on Rural Poverty:A Spatial Perspective for West Java of Indonesia," 150th Seminar, October 22-23, 2015, Edinburgh, Scotland 212683, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:eaa150:212683

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kajikawa, Yuya & Mori, Junichiro & Sakata, Ichiro, 2012. "Identifying and bridging networks in regional clusters," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 79(2), pages 252-262.
    2. Helena Dolny, 1991. "Economic Growth, Agricultural Reform and the Alleviation of Poverty," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 59(3), pages 121-140, September.
    3. Abro, Zewdu Ayalew & Alemu, Bamlaku Alamirew & Hanjra, Munir A., 2014. "Policies for Agricultural Productivity Growth and Poverty Reduction in Rural Ethiopia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 461-474.
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    Agricultural and Food Policy;

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