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Classifying Returns as Extreme: European Stock and Bond Markets

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  • Charlotte Christiansen

    () (Aarhus University and CREATES)

Abstract

I consider the stock and bond markets of 14 EU countries. I use two classifi?cation schemes for de?fining extreme returns: One, the existing univariate classi?fication scheme which considers each market separately. Two, the new multivariate classi?fication scheme that considers all the markets jointly whereby a shorter sample period is needed. For the bond markets the simultaneous extreme return variable (used for analyzing integration and contagion of fi?nancial markets) is not statistically different for the two schemes. For the stock markets there are differences, but they are disappearing in the most recent sample period.

Suggested Citation

  • Charlotte Christiansen, 2013. "Classifying Returns as Extreme: European Stock and Bond Markets," CREATES Research Papers 2013-37, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
  • Handle: RePEc:aah:create:2013-37
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jondeau, Eric & Rockinger, Michael, 2003. "Testing for differences in the tails of stock-market returns," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 559-581, December.
    2. Nicole M. Boyson & Christof W. Stahel & René M. Stulz, 2010. "Hedge Fund Contagion and Liquidity Shocks," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 65(5), pages 1789-1816, October.
    3. Straetmans, Stefan & Candelon, Bertrand, 2013. "Long-term asset tail risks in developed and emerging markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 1832-1844.
    4. Christiansen, Charlotte & Ranaldo, Angelo, 2009. "Extreme coexceedances in new EU member states' stock markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 1048-1057, June.
    5. Markwat, Thijs & Kole, Erik & van Dijk, Dick, 2009. "Contagion as a domino effect in global stock markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(11), pages 1996-2012, November.
    6. Kee-Hong Bae & G. Andrew Karolyi & René M. Stulz, 2003. "A New Approach to Measuring Financial Contagion," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 16(3), pages 717-763, July.
    7. Christiansen, Charlotte, 2014. "Integration of European bond markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 191-198.
    8. Cumperayot, Phornchanok & Keijzer, Tjeert & Kouwenberg, Roy, 2006. "Linkages between extreme stock market and currency returns," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 528-550, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    European stock markets; European bond markets; Extreme returns; Financial crisis; Integration of ?financial markets;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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