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Choice of Sample Split in Out-of-Sample Forecast Evaluation

Author

Listed:
  • Peter Reinhard Hansen

    () (European University Institute and CREATES)

  • Allan Timmermann

    () (UCSD and CREATES)

Abstract

Out-of-sample tests of forecast performance depend on how a given data set is split into estimation and evaluation periods, yet no guidance exists on how to choose the split point. Empirical forecast evaluation results can therefore be difficult to interpret, particularly when several values of the split point might have been considered. When the sample split is viewed as a choice variable, rather than being ?xed ex ante, we show that very large size distortions can occur for conventional tests of predictive accu- racy. Spurious rejections are most likely to occur with a short evaluation sample, while conversely the power of forecast evaluation tests is strongest with long out-of-sample periods. To deal with size distortions, we propose a test statistic that is robust to the effect of considering multiple sample split points. Empirical applications to predictabil- ity of stock returns and in?ation demonstrate that out-of-sample forecast evaluation results can critically depend on how the sample split is determined.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Reinhard Hansen & Allan Timmermann, 2012. "Choice of Sample Split in Out-of-Sample Forecast Evaluation," CREATES Research Papers 2012-43, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
  • Handle: RePEc:aah:create:2012-43
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Out-of-sample forecast evaluation; data mining; recursive estimation; predictability of stock returns; in?ation forecasting.;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation

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