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Price Discrimination within and across EMU Markets: Evidence from French Exporters

In: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2019

Author

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  • François Fontaine
  • Julien Martin
  • Isabelle Mejean

Abstract

We study the cross-sectional dispersion of prices paid by EMU importers for French products. We document a significant level of price dispersion both within product categories across exporters, and within exporters across buyers. This latter source of price discrepancies, sellers' price discrimination across buyers, is indicative of deviations from the law-of-one price. Price discrimination (i) is substantial within the EU, within the euro area, and within EMU countries; (ii) has not decreased over the last two decades; (iii) is more prevalent among the largest firms and for more differentiated products; (iv) is lower among retailers and wholesalers; (v) is also observed within almost perfectly homogenous product categories, which suggests that a non-negligible share of price discrimination is triggered by heterogeneous markups rather than quality or composition effects. We then estimate a rich statistical decomposition of the variance of prices to shed light on exporters' pricing strategies.
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Suggested Citation

  • François Fontaine & Julien Martin & Isabelle Mejean, 2019. "Price Discrimination within and across EMU Markets: Evidence from French Exporters," NBER Chapters, in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2019, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:14310
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    Cited by:

    1. Nagengast, Arne J. & Bursian, Dirk & Menz, Jan-Oliver, 2021. "Dynamic pricing and exchange rate pass-through: Evidence from transaction-level data," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    2. Martin, Julien & Mejean, Isabelle & Parenti, Mathieu, 2020. "Relationship stickiness, international trade, and economic uncertainty," CEPR Discussion Papers 15609, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Lota Tamini, 2020. "Comment renforcer les chaînes de valeur bioalimentaires québécoises pour leur meilleure compétitivité sur le marché local et à l’étranger ?," CIRANO Project Reports 2020rp-31, CIRANO.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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