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Calculating MIPS: Resource productivity of products and services


  • Ritthoff, Michael
  • Rohn, Holger
  • Liedtke, Christa


This manual sets out to be an instruction guide for the implementation of analyses according to the MIPS concept. MIPS stands for Material Input Per Service unit, a measure developed at the Wuppertal Institute, which serves as an indicator of precautionary environmental protection. However, this publication is not a comprehensive description of the methods used, but should rather be seen as supplementing existing publications, in particular, the MAIA Handbook. This practical guide contains additional information, which cannot be part of a methodological description, but which is indispensable for the practical work. This manual is directed at enterprises and persons, who wish to carry out MIPS or a material analysis in relation to products or services. It gives a general impression of what MIPS is, and how MIPS is calculated.

Suggested Citation

  • Ritthoff, Michael & Rohn, Holger & Liedtke, Christa, 2002. "Calculating MIPS: Resource productivity of products and services," Wuppertal Spezial, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, volume 27, number 27e.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wupspe:27e

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    Cited by:

    1. Mathieu Saurat & Stefan Bringezu, 2008. "Platinum Group Metal Flows of Europe, Part 1," Journal of Industrial Ecology, Yale University, vol. 12(5-6), pages 754-767, October.
    2. repec:eee:ecomod:v:271:y:2014:i:c:p:10-20 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Buonocore, Elvira & Franzese, Pier Paolo & Ulgiati, Sergio, 2012. "Assessing the environmental performance and sustainability of bioenergy production in Sweden: A life cycle assessment perspective," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 69-78.
    4. Rincón, Lídia & Castell, Albert & Pérez, Gabriel & Solé, Cristian & Boer, Dieter & Cabeza, Luisa F., 2013. "Evaluation of the environmental impact of experimental buildings with different constructive systems using Material Flow Analysis and Life Cycle Assessment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 544-552.
    5. Dittrich, Monika & Bringezu, Stefan & Schütz, Helmut, 2012. "The physical dimension of international trade, part 2: Indirect global resource flows between 1962 and 2005," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 32-43.
    6. Mancini, Lucia & Lettenmeier, Michael & Rohn, Holger & Liedtke, Christa, 2012. "Application of the MIPS method for assessing the sustainability of production–consumption systems of food," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 81(3), pages 779-793.

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