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Poverty and Social Exclusion in India


  • World Bank


The report is organized around three chapters, in addition to this overview, each one dealing with an excluded group: Scheduled Tribe (ST), Scheduled Caste (SC), and women. The objective is to provide a diagnostic of how the three excluded groups under analysis have fared along various development indicators during a period of rapid economic growth in the national economy. In seeking this objective, the report also addresses correlates and the processes that explain how and why these groups have fared the way they have over a period of time. Chapter two in this report focuses on the Adivasis or STs. In most analyses, this topic is addressed after the Dalits, but the author has placed it first for analytical and organizational purposes. There are two reasons for this: tribal groups are not strictly within the caste system, and the bonds of rituals do not affect their relations with the world in general. Also the report shows that outcomes among Adivasis are among the worst, despite considerable variation across places of residence and tribal groupings. Finally, Chapter three focuses on Dalits, a term that has united the SCs in a process that is more empowering than the process of identification by individual names, which have been and continue to be associated with ritually impure occupations.

Suggested Citation

  • World Bank, 2011. "Poverty and Social Exclusion in India," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2289, Juni.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:2289

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Nazmul Chaudhury & Jeffrey Hammer & Michael Kremer & Karthik Muralidharan & F. Halsey Rogers, 2006. "Missing in Action: Teacher and Health Worker Absence in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 91-116, Winter.
    2. Hugo Nopo & Martin Moreno & Jaime Saavedra & Maximo Torero, 2003. "Gender and Racial Discrimination in Hiring: A Pseudo Audit Study for Three Selected Occupations in Metropolitan Lima," Middlebury College Working Paper Series 0404, Middlebury College, Department of Economics.
    3. Jacob Mincer, 1962. "Labor Force Participation of Married Women: A Study of Labor Supply," NBER Chapters, in: Aspects of Labor Economics, pages 63-105, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Raghabendra Chattopadhyay & Esther Duflo, 2004. "Women as Policy Makers: Evidence from a Randomized Policy Experiment in India," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(5), pages 1409-1443, September.
    5. Das Gupta, Monica & Chung, Woojin & Shuzhuo, Li, 2009. "Is there an incipient turnaround in Asia's"missing girls"phenomenon ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4846, The World Bank.
    6. Morrison, Andrew & Ellsberg, Mary & Bott, Sarah, 2004. "Addressing gender-based violence in the Latin American and Caribbean Region : A critical review of interventions," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3438, The World Bank.
    7. Siwan Anderson, 2003. "Why Dowry Payments Declined with Modernization in Europe but Are Rising in India," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(2), pages 269-310, April.
    8. Sonalde Desai & Lester Andrist, 2010. "Gender scripts and age at marriage in India," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 47(3), pages 667-687, August.
    9. Ahmed, S. & Koenig, M.A. & Stephenson, R., 2006. "Effects of domestic violence on perinatal and early childhood mortality: Evidence from North India," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 96(8), pages 1423-1428.
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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Samuel Brazys & Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati & Tianyang Song, 2019. "Which Wheel Gets the Grease? Constituent Agency and Sub-national World Bank Aid Allocation," Working Papers 201907, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
    2. Ravallion, Martin, 2019. "Guaranteed employment or guaranteed income?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 209-221.
    3. Motkuri, Venkatanarayana, 2013. "Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Tribes (STs) in Andhra Pradesh: A Situation Assessment Analysis," MPRA Paper 48186, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Das,Maitreyi B & Das,Maitreyi B, 2016. "Social Inclusion in macro-level diagnostics : reflecting on the World Bank Group's early systematic country diagnostics," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7713, The World Bank.
    5. Motkuri, Venkatanarayana, 2013. "Stagnant Structure of Workforce among Scheduled Tribes (STs) in Andhra Pradesh: A Macro View," MPRA Paper 56706, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jul 2013.
    6. Motkuri, Venkatanarayana, 2013. "Stagnant Structure of Workforce among Scheduled Tribes (STs) in Andhra Pradesh: A Macro View," MPRA Paper 48558, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jul 2013.
    7. Martin Ravallion, 2019. "Is a Decentralized Right-to-Work Policy Feasible?," NBER Working Papers 25687, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Arthur Alik-Lagrange & Martin Ravallion, 2016. "Social Frictions to Knowledge Diffusion: Evidence from an Information Intervention," NBER Working Papers 21877, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Motkuri, Venkatanarayana, 2013. "Caste and Rural Youth in India: Education, Skills and Employment," MPRA Paper 48593, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Maitreyi Bordia Das, 2016. "All in my Head? The Play of Exclusion and Discrimination in the Labor Market," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 7(02), pages 1-20, June.


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