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Indus Basin of Pakistan : Impacts of Climate Risks on Water and Agriculture


  • Winston Yu
  • Yi-Chen Yang
  • Andre Savitsky
  • Donald Alford
  • Casey Brown
  • James Wescoat
  • Dario Debowicz
  • Sherman Robinson


This study, Indus basin of Pakistan: the impacts of climate risks on water and agriculture was undertaken at a pivotal time in the region. The weak summer monsoon in 2009 created drought conditions throughout the country. This followed an already tenuous situation for many rural households faced with high fuel and fertilizer costs and the impacts of rising global food prices. Then catastrophic monsoon flooding in 2010 affected over 20 million people, devastating their housing, infrastructure, and crops. Damages from this single flood event were estimated at US dollar 10 billion, half of which were losses in the agriculture sector. Notwithstanding the debate as to whether these observed extremes are evidence of climate change, an investigation is needed regarding the extent to which the country is resilient to these shocks. It is thus timely, if not critical, to focus on climate risks for water, agriculture, and food security in the Indus basin of Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Winston Yu & Yi-Chen Yang & Andre Savitsky & Donald Alford & Casey Brown & James Wescoat & Dario Debowicz & Sherman Robinson, 2013. "Indus Basin of Pakistan : Impacts of Climate Risks on Water and Agriculture," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 13834, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:13834

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    Cited by:

    1. Abid Hussain & Golam Rasul & Bidhubhusan Mahapatra & Sabarnee Tuladhar, 2016. "Household food security in the face of climate change in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan region," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 8(5), pages 921-937, October.
    2. Gulraiz Akhter & Yonggang Ge & Naveed Iqbal & Yanjun Shang & Muhammad Hasan, 2021. "Appraisal of Remote Sensing Technology for Groundwater Resource Management Perspective in Indus Basin," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(17), pages 1-12, August.
    3. Muhammad Mohsin Waqas & Muhammad Waseem & Sikandar Ali & Megersa Kebede Leta & Adnan Noor Shah & Usman Khalid Awan & Syed Hamid Hussain Shah & Tao Yang & Sami Ullah, 2021. "Evaluating the Spatio-Temporal Distribution of Irrigation Water Components for Water Resources Management Using Geo-Informatics Approach," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(15), pages 1-20, August.
    4. Robinson, Sherman & Gueneau, Arthur, 2014. "Economic evaluation of the Diamer-Basha dam: Analysis with an integrated economic/water simulation model of Pakistan:," PSSP working papers 14, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Shah, Hassnain & Siderius, Christian & Hellegers, Petra, 2021. "Limitations to adjusting growing periods in different agroecological zones of Pakistan," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 192(C).
    6. Liaqat, Umar Waqas & Awan, Usman Khalid & McCabe, Matthew Francis & Choi, Minha, 2016. "A geo-informatics approach for estimating water resources management components and their interrelationships," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 89-105.
    7. Kirby, Mac & Ahmad, Mobin-ud-Din & Mainuddin, Mohammed & Khaliq, Tasneem & Cheema, M.J.M., 2017. "Agricultural production, water use and food availability in Pakistan: Historical trends, and projections to 2050," Agricultural Water Management, Elsevier, vol. 179(C), pages 34-46.
    8. Ahmed Rafique & Steven Burian & Daniyal Hassan & Rakhshinda Bano, 2020. "Analysis of Operational Changes of Tarbela Reservoir to Improve the Water Supply, Hydropower Generation, and Flood Control Objectives," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(18), pages 1-18, September.
    9. Borgomeo, Edoardo & Vadheim, Bryan & Woldeyes, Firew B. & Alamirew, Tena & Tamru, Seneshaw & Charles, Katrina J. & Kebede, Seifu & Walker, Oliver, 2018. "The Distributional and Multi-Sectoral Impacts of Rainfall Shocks: Evidence From Computable General Equilibrium Modelling for the Awash Basin, Ethiopia," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 621-632.
    10. Anwar, Arif A. & Bhatti, Muhammad Tousif, 2018. "Pakistan’s Water Apportionment Accord of 1991: 25 years and beyond," Papers published in Journals (Open Access), International Water Management Institute, pages 144(1):1-14.
    11. Marjan Aziz & Sultan Ahmad Rizvi & Muhammad Azhar Iqbal & Sairah Syed & Muhammad Ashraf & Saira Anwer & Muhammad Usman & Nazia Tahir & Azra Khan & Sana Asghar & Jamil Akhtar, 2021. "A Sustainable Irrigation System for Small Landholdings of Rainfed Punjab, Pakistan," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(20), pages 1-15, October.
    12. Muhammad Irshad Ahmad & Hengyun Ma, 2020. "Climate Change and Livelihood Vulnerability in Mixed Crop–Livestock Areas: The Case of Province Punjab, Pakistan," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(2), pages 1-31, January.


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