Le processus de décision dans les systèmes complexes : une analyse d’une intervention systémique
- Romelaer, Pierre
- Cloutier, Martin L.
The objective of this thesis is to contribute to a better understanding of decision processes in a complex system, by analysing how systemic interventions produce changes in the decision-making process followed by individuals. More precisely, this research analyses the potential effects of the use of a systemic model by decision-makers, on both the constitutive activities and the dimensions of decision processes, while taking into consideration their potential determinants. The research involves an experiment based on one simulated case about the intellectual property system of biotechnological innovations: experimental sessions consist in individual interviews with policy-makers, and the systemic intervention concerns the use of a simulation model based on the system dynamics approach. The results suggest: 1) a multiple, cumulative, conjunctive, and iterative progression; 2) an incremental, based on multiple perspectives, and creative decision-making procedure; 3) the multiplicity of involved actors, with diversified interests and roles; 4) rationalities which are political, limited, contextual, and even socio-cognitive. Moreover, the results show that decision-makers, who benefit from a systemic intervention, tend to consider more analytical elements and scientific disciplines during their decision analysis, and to involve additional internal and external actors.
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Keywords: decision-making process; complex system; system dynamics; experimentation; intellectual property; processus de décision; système complexe; dynamique des systèmes; expérimentation; propriété intellectuelle;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- M1 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration
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- Wen, Fang-I. & Stefanou, Spiro E., 2007. "Social learning and production heterogeneity," Journal of Developing Areas, Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 41(1), pages 91-115, September.
- Janet A. Weiss, 1982. "Coping with complexity: An experimental study of public policy decision-making," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 2(1), pages 66-87.
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