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Would Climate Policy Improve The European Energy Security?



    () (CIRED, 45bis avenue de la belle Gabrielle, 94736 Nogent-sur-Marne, France)


    () (PSL* - University Paris Dauphine, Place du Maréchal de Lattre de Tassigny, 75016 Paris, France;
    CIRED, 45bis avenue de la belle Gabrielle, 94736 Nogent-sur-Marne, France)


    (CIRED, 45bis avenue de la belle Gabrielle, 94736 Nogent-sur-Marne, France)


    (CIRED, 45bis avenue de la belle Gabrielle, 94736 Nogent-sur-Marne, France)


Energy security improvement is often presented as a co-benefit of climate policies. This paper evaluates this claim. It investigates whether climate policy would improve energy security, while accounting for the difficulties entailed by the many-faceted nature of the concept and the large uncertainties on the determinants of future energy systems. A multi-dimension analysis grid is used to capture the energy security concept, and a database of scenarios allows us to explore the uncertainty space. The results, focusing on Europe, reveal there is no unequivocal effect of climate policy on all the perspectives of energy security. Moreover, time significantly matters: the impact of climate policies is mixed in the short term and globally good in the medium term. In the long term, there is a risk of degradation of the energy security. Lastly, we examine the robustness of our results to uncertainties on drivers of economic growth, availability of fossil fuels and the potentials and low-carbon technologies, and find that they are sensitive mainly to fossil fuels availability, low carbon technologies in the energy sector and improvements in energy efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • Céline Guivarch & Stéphanie Monjon & Julie Rozenberg & Adrien Vogt-Schilb, 2015. "Would Climate Policy Improve The European Energy Security?," Climate Change Economics (CCE), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 6(02), pages 1-35.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsi:ccexxx:v:06:y:2015:i:02:n:s2010007815500086
    DOI: 10.1142/S2010007815500086

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christoph Böhringer & Andreas Keller, 2011. "Energy Security: An Impact Assessment of the EU Climate and Energy Package," Working Papers V-335-11, University of Oldenburg, Department of Economics, revised May 2011.
    2. repec:zbw:hohpro:335 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Richard S.J. Tol, 2014. "Climate Economics," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 15366, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:eneeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:530-541 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Guivarch, Céline & Monjon, Stéphanie, 2017. "Identifying the main uncertainty drivers of energy security in a low-carbon world: The case of Europe," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 530-541.
    3. repec:eee:energy:v:138:y:2017:i:c:p:890-901 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Valdés Lucas, Javier Noel & Escribano Francés, Gonzalo & San Martín González, Enrique, 2016. "Energy security and renewable energy deployment in the EU: Liaisons Dangereuses or Virtuous Circle?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1032-1046.

    More about this item


    Climate policy; energy security; Europe; scenarios database; multi-criteria decision; Q43; Q47; Q54;

    JEL classification:

    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming


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