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Achieving sustainability in US fisheries: community engagement in co-management


  • Candace K. May

    (Sociology Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA)


The United States government is moving toward a co-management model to fishery governance based on stakeholder engagement. As essential stakeholders, the participation of local fishermen and their communities is fundamental for the efficiency and effectiveness of regulations and the sustainability of the nation's fisheries. However, the emphasis on stakeholder engagement is a substantial barrier to local participation. The author situates this barrier in the overriding assumption of US fishery governance, which considers individuals the key local actors in resource management. Nonetheless, existing fishery governance frameworks have produced intriguing alternative policy instruments. One such alternative, Community Development Quotas, may serve as a platform for the empowerment of local communities and, as a result, the encouragement of sustainable fishing and development in coastal areas. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Candace K. May, 2008. "Achieving sustainability in US fisheries: community engagement in co-management," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(6), pages 390-400.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:sustdv:v:16:y:2008:i:6:p:390-400
    DOI: 10.1002/sd.355

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jentoft, Svein, 2000. "The community: a missing link of fisheries management," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 53-60, January.
    2. Kris Stevens & John Morris, 2001. "Struggling toward sustainability: considering grassroots development," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 9(3), pages 149-164.
    3. Charles, Anthony T., 1994. "Towards sustainability: the fishery experience," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 201-211, December.
    4. Anthony Scott, 1955. "The Fishery: The Objectives of Sole Ownership," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 63, pages 116-116.
    5. Rodrigo Lozano, 2007. "Collaboration as a pathway for sustainability," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(6), pages 370-381.
    6. H. Scott Gordon, 1954. "The Economic Theory of a Common-Property Resource: The Fishery," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62, pages 124-124.
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    Cited by:

    1. McClenachan, Loren & O’Connor, Grace & Reynolds, Travis, 2015. "Adaptive capacity of co-management systems in the face of environmental change: The soft-shell clam fishery and invasive green crabs in Maine," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 26-32.

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