Determinant factors in the degree of implementation of Local Agenda 21 in the European Union
The concern for sustainable development reached its greatest form of expression in what is known as the Brundtland Report; however, it was the Rio de Janeiro Conference of 1992 that created the foundations, through agreements such as Agenda 21. Though the success of Agenda 21 depends fundamentally on central governments, local administrations can play a decisive role, which is why European cities have taken on a serious commitment to enforce it by way of the Aalborg Charter. This paper evaluates the advancements by European municipalities in implementing Local Agenda 21, by identifying their determinant factors. The results show that productive and organizational aspects are key factors, regardless of their origin. Likewise, it has been verified that the factors of promotion instigated by supramunicipal bodies of the public administration are extremely effective, whereas political factors are of little relevance. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.
Volume (Year): 16 (2008)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Dimitri Devuyst, 2000. "Linking impact assessment and sustainable development at the local level: the introduction of sustainability assessment systems," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(2), pages 67-78.
- Sofie Adolfsson Jorby, 2002. "Local Agenda 21 in Four Swedish Municipalities: A Tool towards Sustainability?," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(2), pages 219-244.
- Paul S. Phillips & Paul Clarkson & Julie Adams & Adam D. Read & P. Chris Coggins, 2003. "County waste minimization programmes: a case study from Northamptonshire, UK," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(2), pages 103-118.
- Ted Kitchen & David Whitney & Stephen Littlewood, 1997. "Local Authority/AcademicCollaboration and Local Agenda 21 Policy Processes," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 645-660.
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