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Determinant factors in the degree of implementation of Local Agenda 21 in the European Union


  • Isabel M. Garcia-Sanchez

    (University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain)

  • Jose-Manuel Prado-Lorenzo

    (University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain)


The concern for sustainable development reached its greatest form of expression in what is known as the Brundtland Report; however, it was the Rio de Janeiro Conference of 1992 that created the foundations, through agreements such as Agenda 21. Though the success of Agenda 21 depends fundamentally on central governments, local administrations can play a decisive role, which is why European cities have taken on a serious commitment to enforce it by way of the Aalborg Charter. This paper evaluates the advancements by European municipalities in implementing Local Agenda 21, by identifying their determinant factors. The results show that productive and organizational aspects are key factors, regardless of their origin. Likewise, it has been verified that the factors of promotion instigated by supramunicipal bodies of the public administration are extremely effective, whereas political factors are of little relevance. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabel M. Garcia-Sanchez & Jose-Manuel Prado-Lorenzo, 2008. "Determinant factors in the degree of implementation of Local Agenda 21 in the European Union," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(1), pages 17-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:sustdv:v:16:y:2008:i:1:p:17-34
    DOI: 10.1002/sd.334

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ted Kitchen & David Whitney & Stephen Littlewood, 1997. "Local Authority/AcademicCollaboration and Local Agenda 21 Policy Processes," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(5), pages 645-660.
    2. Sofie Adolfsson Jorby, 2002. "Local Agenda 21 in Four Swedish Municipalities: A Tool towards Sustainability?," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(2), pages 219-244.
    3. Dimitri Devuyst, 2000. "Linking impact assessment and sustainable development at the local level: the introduction of sustainability assessment systems," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(2), pages 67-78.
    4. Paul S. Phillips & Paul Clarkson & Julie Adams & Adam D. Read & P. Chris Coggins, 2003. "County waste minimization programmes: a case study from Northamptonshire, UK," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(2), pages 103-118.
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    Cited by:

    1. Luis Velázquez & Nora Munguía & Andrea Zavala & Maria de los Ángeles Navarrete, 2008. "Challenges in operating sustainability initiatives in Northwest Mexico," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(6), pages 401-409.
    2. Beatriz Cuadrado-Ballesteros & Noemí Mordán & Isabel-María García-Sánchez, 2014. "Is Local Financial Health Associated with Citizens’ Quality of Life?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 119(2), pages 559-580, November.

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