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From Thermodynamic Entropy to Knowledge Entropy

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  • Bratianu Constantin

    (Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania)

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to present the evolution of the concept of entropy from engineering to knowledge management, going through information theory, linguistic entropy, and economic entropy. The concept of entropy was introduced by Rudolf Clausius in thermodynamics in 1865 as a measure of heat transfer between two solid bodies which have different temperatures. As a natural phenomenon, heat flows from the body with a higher temperature toward the body with a lower temperature. However, Rudolf Clausius defined only the change in entropy of the system and not its absolute entropy. Ludwig Boltzmann defined later the absolute entropy by studying the gas molecules behavior in a thermal field. The computational formula defined by Boltzmann relates the microstates of a thermal system with its macrostates. The more uniform the probability distribution of the microstates is the higher the entropy is. The second law of thermodynamics says that in open systems, when there is no intervention from outside, the entropy of the system increases continuously. The concept of entropy proved to be very powerful, fact for which many researchers tried to extend its semantic area and the application domain. In 1948, Claude E. Shannon introduced the concept of information entropy, having the same computational formula as that defined by Boltzmann, but with a different interpretation. This concept solved many engineering communications problems and is used extensively in information theory. Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen used the concept of entropy and the second law of thermodynamics in economics and business. Today, many researchers in economics use the concept of entropy for analyzing different phenomena. The present paper explores the possibility of using the concept of knowledge entropy in knowledge management.

Suggested Citation

  • Bratianu Constantin, 2020. "From Thermodynamic Entropy to Knowledge Entropy," Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence, Sciendo, vol. 14(1), pages 589-596, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:poicbe:v:14:y:2020:i:1:p:589-596:n:55
    DOI: 10.2478/picbe-2020-0055
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Constantin BRATIANU & Ivona ORZEA, 2010. "Organizational knowledge creation," Management & Marketing, Economic Publishing House, vol. 5(3), Autumn.
    2. Constantin BRĂTIANU & Sorin ANAGNOSTE, 2011. "The Role Of Transformational Leadership In Mergers And Acquisitions In Emergent Economies," Management & Marketing, Economic Publishing House, vol. 6(2), Summer.
    3. Constantin BRATIANU, 2008. "Knowledgedynamics and Thermodynamics," Informatica Economica, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 0(4), pages 43-46.
    4. Constantin BRATIANU, 2015. "Developing Strategic Thinking in Business Education," Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, College of Management, National University of Political Studies and Public Administration, vol. 3(3), pages 409-429, September.
    5. Robert D Handscombe & Eann A Patterson, 2004. "The Entropy Vector:Connecting Science and Business," World Scientific Books, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., number 5365, September.
    6. Constantin Bratianu & Simona Vasilache, 2010. "A factorial analysis of the managerial linear thinking model," International Journal of Innovation and Learning, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 8(4), pages 393-407.
    7. Viorel Lefter & Constantin Brătianu & Adriana Agapie & Simona Agoston & Ivona Orzea, 2011. "Intergenerational knowledge transfer in the academic environment of knowledge-based economy," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 13(30), pages 392-403, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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