Effectiveness of Residential Water-Use Restrictions under Varying Levels of Municipal Effort
Given the current constraints in expanding public water capacity, water supply managers will increasingly be required to find ways to reduce demand during temporary water shortages. Consequently, water supply managers need sound estimates for the effectiveness of water reduction programs. This study expands the water demand literature by identifying the influence that enforcement and informational efforts have on the two most common forms of nonprice water-use restrictions. Residential water-use reductions increased with progressively higher levels of information and enforcement efforts, ranging from 0% to 7% for voluntary and 4% to 22% for mandatory restrictions.
References listed on IDEAS
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- Renwick, Mary E. & Green, Richard D., 2000. "Do Residential Water Demand Side Management Policies Measure Up? An Analysis of Eight California Water Agencies," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 37-55, July.
- Mary E. Renwick & Sandra O. Archibald, 1998. "Demand Side Management Policies for Residential Water Use: Who Bears the Conservation Burden?," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 74(3), pages 343-359.
- R. G. Taylor & John R. McKean & Robert A. Young, 2004. "Alternate Price Specifications for Estimating Residential Water Demand with Fixed Fees," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 80(3), pages 463-475.