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The Relationship between Medical Resources and Measures of Health: Some Additional Evidence


  • Joseph P. Newhouse
  • Lindy J. Friedlander


The relationship between an area's medical resources and physiological measures of individual health status is examined. Variables such as age, sex, race, education, and income are controlled for. The physiological measures include diastolic blood pressure, serum cholesterol concentration, electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, varicose veins, and periodontal disease. Although additional education and income were associated with fewer abnormal chest X-rays and less periodontal disease, the physiological measures were little affected by additional medical resources. The results are consistent with the view that what the individual does (or does not) do for himself affects health more than do additional medical resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Joseph P. Newhouse & Lindy J. Friedlander, 1980. "The Relationship between Medical Resources and Measures of Health: Some Additional Evidence," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 15(2), pages 200-218.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:15:y:1980:i:2:p:200-218

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    Cited by:

    1. Helge Liebert & Beatrice Mäder, 2018. "Physician Density and Infant Mortality: A Semiparametric Analysis of the Returns to Health Care Provision," CESifo Working Paper Series 7209, CESifo.
    2. Koyin Chang & Yung‐Hsiang Ying, 2008. "An Empirical Study On Health In Taiwan And Its Long‐Term Adjustment," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 84-98, March.
    3. Erika Laranjeira & Helena Szrek, 2016. "Going beyond life expectancy in assessments of health systems’ performance: life expectancy adjusted by perceived health status," International Journal of Health Economics and Management, Springer, vol. 16(2), pages 133-161, June.
    4. Reed Olsen & Subhasree Basu Roy & Hui-Kuan Tseng, 2019. "The Hispanic health paradox for older Americans: an empirical note," International Journal of Health Economics and Management, Springer, vol. 19(1), pages 33-51, March.
    5. Angus Deaton, 2003. "Health, Inequality, and Economic Development," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(1), pages 113-158, March.
    6. Grembowski, David & Bekemeier, Betty & Conrad, Douglas & Kreuter, William, 2010. "Are local health department expenditures related to racial disparities in mortality?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 71(12), pages 2057-2065, December.
    7. Farrell, Phillip & Fuchs, Victor R. & Fuchs, Victor R., 1982. "Schooling and health : The cigarette connection," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 217-230, December.
    8. Alexander J. Cowell, 2006. "The relationship between education and health behavior: some empirical evidence," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 125-146, February.
    9. Mark Berger & Jodi Messer, 2002. "Public financing of health expenditures, insurance, and health outcomes," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(17), pages 2105-2113.
    10. Retzlaff-Roberts, Donna & Chang, Cyril F. & Rubin, Rose M., 2004. "Technical efficiency in the use of health care resources: a comparison of OECD countries," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 55-72, July.
    11. Hui-Kuan Tseng & Reed Olsen, 2016. "The U.S. health production function: evidence from 2001 to 2009," International Journal of Health Economics and Management, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 51-64, March.
    12. Reed Olsen & Hui-Kuan Tseng, 2016. "The U.S. health care expenditure: evidence from 2001 to 2009," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(60), pages 5931-5940, December.
    13. William N. Evans & Edward Montgomery, 1994. "Education and Health: Where There's Smoke There's an Instrument," NBER Working Papers 4949, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Grignon, Michel, 2008. "The role of education in health system performance," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 299-307, June.
    15. John Robst & Glenn Graham, 1997. "Access to health care and current health status: do physicians matter?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 45-48.

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