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Tasa óptima de empresarialidad y desarrollo económico. Evidencias para el caso español


  • José Antonio Belso Martínez



El fenómeno emprendedor se ha convertido a lo largo de los últimos años en objeto frecuente de actuación por parte de los responsables en materia de política económica y de estudio por parte de la ciencia. El propósito de nuestro estudio es analizar cómo es la evolución de la tasa de empresarialidad de equilibrio a medida que una economía alcanza mayores niveles de desarrollo, cuál es la respuesta de la tasa de empresarialidad ante contextos de desequilibrio, y de qué modo se ha comportado la tasa empresarialidad frente al óptimo en las regiones españolas. Tras de una serie de hipótesis, hemos construido un modelo de dos ecuaciones estimado con datos provinciales del periodo 1998-2002. A partir del mismo hemos constatado la existencia de: una relación inicialmente decreciente y después creciente entre el nivel de desarrollo y la tasa de equilibrio, un mecanismo automático de ajuste ante situaciones de desequilibrio en la tasa de empresarialidad, y un comportamiento muy heterogéneo en la evolución de

Suggested Citation

  • José Antonio Belso Martínez, 2004. "Tasa óptima de empresarialidad y desarrollo económico. Evidencias para el caso español," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 31(2 Year 20), pages 207-225, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:esteco:v:31:y:2004:i:2:p:207-225

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Niels Bosma & Sander Wennekers & F. Stam, 2010. "Intrapreneurship - An international study," Scales Research Reports H201005, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    2. Chandler, Gaylen N. & Hanks, Steven H., 1994. "Market attractiveness, resource-based capabilities, venture strategies, and venture performance," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 331-349, July.
    3. Tansel, Aysit, 1994. "Wage employment, earnings and returns to schooling for men and women in Turkey," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 305-320.
    4. Cooper, Arnold C. & Willard, Gary E. & Woo, Carolyn Y., 1986. "Strategies of high performing new and small firms: A reexamination of the niche concept," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 247-260.
    5. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-535, June.
    6. Stuart, Robert & Abetti, Pier A., 1987. "Start-up ventures: Towards the prediction of initial success," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 215-230.
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    Cited by:

    1. Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura & Antonio García-Tabuenca, 2008. "Innovative and creative entrepreneurship in Spain," Working Papers 07/08, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.

    More about this item


    Tasa de empresarialidad; empresario; desarrollo económico; regiones; crecimiento económico.;

    JEL classification:

    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development


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