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Tokenism or Agency? The Impact of Women’s Reservations on Village Democracies in South India

  • Radu Ban
  • Vijayendra Rao

panchayats) for women candidates. Previous research has found that such “reservations†result in policy decisions that are closer to the preferences of women; qualitative research has argued, conversely, that it results in token appointments in which women are appointed by elites and are poorly educated and aged. We do not find evidence in favor of the tokenism hypothesis, finding that women leaders are drawn from the upper end of the quality distribution of women. However, we find that female leaders perform no differently than male leaders. Our results also indicate that institutional factors matter much more for women than for men: women perform better than men in situations in which they have more political experience and live in villages less dominated by upper castes.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/533551
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Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Economic Development and Cultural Change.

Volume (Year): 56 (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 501-530

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:v:56:y:2008:p:501-530
DOI: 10.1086/533551
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/EDCC/

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