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Discrimination and the Effects of Drug Testing on Black Employment

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  • Abigail Wozniak

    (University of Notre Dame, NBER, and IZA)

Abstract

A common assumption is that the rise of drug testing among U.S. employers must have had negative consequences for black employment. I use variation in the timing and nature of drug testing regulation to identify the impacts of testing on black hiring. I find that adoption of protesting legislation increases black employment in the testing sector by 7 percent to 30 percent and relative wages by 1.4 percent to 13.0 percent, with the largest shifts among low-skilled black men. The results are consistent with ex ante discrimination and suggest that drug testing may benefit African Americans by enabling nonusing blacks to prove their status to employers.

Suggested Citation

  • Abigail Wozniak, 2015. "Discrimination and the Effects of Drug Testing on Black Employment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 97(3), pages 548-566, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:97:y:2015:i:2:p:548-566
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Drug testing and discrimination
      by Eric Crampton in Offsetting Behaviour on 2014-05-21 04:17:00

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    discrimination; drug testing; black employment; black hiring; african americans;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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