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Are Credit Unions Too Small?

Author

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  • David C. Wheelock

    (Federal Reserve Bank of St.Louis)

  • Paul W. Wilson

    (Clemson University)

Abstract

U.S. credit unions serve 93 million members, hold 10% of U.S. savings deposits, and make 13.2% of all nonrevolving consumer loans. Since 1985, the share of U.S. depository institution assets held by credit unions has nearly doubled, and the average (inflation-adjusted) size of credit unions has increased over 600%. We use a local-linear estimator, dimesion-reduction techniques, and bootstrap methods to estimate and make inference about ray scale and expansion-path scale economies. We find substantial evidence of increasing returns to scale among credit unions of all sizes, suggesting that further consolidation and growth among credit unions are likely. © 2011 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Suggested Citation

  • David C. Wheelock & Paul W. Wilson, 2011. "Are Credit Unions Too Small?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 93(4), pages 1343-1359, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:93:y:2011:i:4:p:1343-1359
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Diego Restrepo-Tobón & Subal Kumbhakar & Kai Sun, 2015. "Obelix vs. Asterix: Size of US commercial banks and its regulatory challenge," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 48(2), pages 125-168, October.
    2. Schenkel, Andreas, 2016. "Kosten der Compliance-Regulierung: Eine empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel der deutschen Genossenschaftsbanken," Arbeitspapiere 169, University of Münster, Institute for Cooperatives.
    3. Malikov, Emir & Kumbhakar, Subal C. & Sun, Yiguo, 2016. "Varying coefficient panel data model in the presence of endogenous selectivity and fixed effects," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 190(2), pages 233-251.
    4. Tarcio Da Silva & Carlos Martins-filho & Eduardo Ribeiro, 2016. "A comparison of nonparametric efficiency estimators: DEA, FDH, DEAC, FDHC, order-m and quantile," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 36(1), pages 118-131.
    5. R. Raymond Sant & Regina W. Schroeder, 2012. "Credit Unions and Capital Adequacy: Managing Growth and Risk," International Journal of Business and Social Research, MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, vol. 2(6), pages 241-255, November.
    6. John Goddard & Donal Mckillop & John O. S. Wilson, 2014. "U.S. Credit Unions: Survival, Consolidation, And Growth," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 52(1), pages 304-319, January.
    7. Diego A. Restrepo-Tobón & Subal C. Kumbhakar & Kai Sun, 2013. "Are U.S. Commercial Banks Too Big?," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 010943, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    8. Derek C. Jones & Panu Kalmi, 2012. "Economies of Scale Versus Participation: a Co-operative Dilemma?," Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity, European Research Institute on Cooperative and Social Enterprises, vol. 1(1), pages 37-64, December.
    9. Diego Restrepo-Tobón & Subal Kumbhakar, 2015. "Nonparametric estimation of returns to scale using input distance functions: an application to large U.S. banks," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 143-168, February.
    10. Wheelock, David C. & Wilson, Paul W., 2013. "The evolution of cost-productivity and efficiency among US credit unions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 75-88.
    11. Malikov, Emir & Restrepo-Tobon, Diego A & Kumbhakar, Subal C., 2016. "Heterogeneous Credit Union Production Technologies with Endogenous Switching and Correlated Effects," MPRA Paper 71593, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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