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Semiparametric Weak-Instrument Regressions with an Application to the Risk-Return Tradeoff

  • Benoit Perron

    (Université de Montréal, CIREQ and CIRANO)

We extend the local-to-zero analysis of models with weak instruments to models with estimated instruments and regressors and with higher-order dependence between instruments and disturbances. This framework is applicable to linear models with expectation variables that are estimated nonparametrically, such as the risk-return tradeoff in finance and the effect of inflation uncertainty on real economic activity. Our simulation evidence suggests that Lagrange multiplier confidence intervals have better coverage in these models. We apply these methods to excess returns on the S&P 500 index, yen-dollar spot returns, and excess holding yields between 6-month and 3-month Treasury bills. © 2003 President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 85 (2003)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 424-443

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:85:y:2003:i:2:p:424-443
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  1. Richard Startz & Charles Nelson & Eric Zivot, 1999. "Improved Inference for the Instrumental Variable Estimator," Working Papers 0039, University of Washington, Department of Economics.
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  5. Zivot, E & Startz, R & Nelson, C-R, 1997. "Valid Confidence Intervals and Inference in the Presence of Weak Instruments," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 97-17, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
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  10. Jean-Marie Dufour & Joanna Jasiak, 2000. "Finite Sample Inference Methods for Simultaneous Equations and Models with Unobserved and Generated Regressors," CIRANO Working Papers 2000s-13, CIRANO.
  11. Charles R. Nelson & Richard Startz, 1988. "The Distribution of the Instrumental Variables Estimator and Its t-RatioWhen the Instrument is a Poor One," NBER Technical Working Papers 0069, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. David K. Backus & Allan W. Gregory, 1992. "Theoretical Relations Between Risk Premiums and Conditional Variances," Working Papers 92-18a, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  13. Hall, Alastair R & Rudebusch, Glenn D & Wilcox, David W, 1996. "Judging Instrument Relevance in Instrumental Variables Estimation," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 37(2), pages 283-98, May.
  14. Andrews, Donald W K, 1994. "Asymptotics for Semiparametric Econometric Models via Stochastic Equicontinuity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(1), pages 43-72, January.
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  16. In Choi & Peter C.B. Phillips, 1989. "Asymptotic and Finite Sample Distribution Theory for IV Estimators and Tests in Partially Identified Structural Equations," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 929, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
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  24. Tim Bollerslev, 1986. "Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity," EERI Research Paper Series EERI RP 1986/01, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
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