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REDD+ Readiness progress across countries: time for reconsideration

Author

Listed:
  • Peter Akong Minang
  • Meine Van Noordwijk
  • Lalisa A Duguma
  • Dieudonne Alemagi
  • Trong Hoan Do
  • Florence Bernard
  • Putra Agung
  • Valentina Robiglio
  • Delia Catacutan
  • Suyanto Suyanto
  • Angel Armas
  • Claudia Silva Aguad
  • Mireille Feudjio
  • Gamma Galudra
  • Retno Maryani
  • Douglas White
  • Atiek Widayati
  • Elizabeth Kahurani
  • Sara Namirembe
  • Beria Leimona

Abstract

Efforts towards Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation plus conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of carbon stocks (REDD+) have grown in importance in developing countries following negotiations within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). This has favoured investments in processes to prepare countries for REDD+ at the national level (a process referred to as REDD+ Readiness). Yet, little attention has been given to how Readiness can be assessed and potentially improved. This article presents a framework for Readiness assessment and compares progress in REDD+ Readiness across four countries, namely Cameroon, Indonesia, Peru, and Vietnam. The Readiness assessment framework comprises six functions, namely planning and coordination; policy, laws, and institutions; measurement, reporting, verification (MRV), and audits; benefit sharing; financing; and demonstrations and pilots. We found the framework credible and consistent in measuring progress and eliciting insight into Readiness processes at the country level. Country performance for various functions was mixed. Progress was evident on planning and coordination, and demonstration and pilots. However, MRV and audits; financing; benefit sharing; and policies, laws and institutions face major challenges. The results suggest that the way national forest governance has been shaped by historical circumstances (showing path dependency) is a critical factor for progress in Readiness processes. There is need for a rethink of the current REDD+ Readiness infrastructure given the serious gaps observed in addressing drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, linking REDD+ to broader national strategies and systematic capacity building.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Akong Minang & Meine Van Noordwijk & Lalisa A Duguma & Dieudonne Alemagi & Trong Hoan Do & Florence Bernard & Putra Agung & Valentina Robiglio & Delia Catacutan & Suyanto Suyanto & Angel Armas &, 2014. "REDD+ Readiness progress across countries: time for reconsideration," Climate Policy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(6), pages 685-708, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:tcpoxx:v:14:y:2014:i:6:p:685-708
    DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2014.905822
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    Cited by:

    1. Wurtzebach, Zachary & Casse, Thorkil & Meilby, Henrik & Nielsen, Martin R. & Milhøj, Anders, 2019. "REDD+ policy design and policy learning: The emergence of an integrated landscape approach in Vietnam," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 129-139.
    2. Dian Ekowati & Carola Hofstee & Andhika Vega Praputra & Douglas Sheil, 2016. "Motivation Matters: Lessons for REDD+ Participatory Measurement, Reporting and Verification from Three Decades of Child Health Participatory Monitoring in Indonesia," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 11(11), pages 1-19, November.
    3. Jale Samuwai & Jeremy Maxwell Hills, 2018. "Assessing Climate Finance Readiness in the Asia-Pacific Region," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-18, April.
    4. Fischer, Richard & Hargita, Yvonne & Günter, Sven, 2016. "Insights from the ground level? A content analysis review of multi-national REDD+ studies since 2010," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 47-58.
    5. Jewel Andoh & Yohan Lee, 2018. "National REDD+ Strategy for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review and Comparison of Developing Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-17, December.
    6. Mucahid Mustafa Bayrak & Lawal Mohammed Marafa, 2016. "Ten Years of REDD+: A Critical Review of the Impact of REDD+ on Forest-Dependent Communities," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(7), pages 1-22, July.
    7. Gayoung Choi & Jongmin Kim & Made Yaya Sawitri & Sue Kyoung Lee, 2020. "Ecotourism Market Segmentation in Bali, Indonesia: Opportunities for Implementing REDD+," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(6), pages 1-15, June.
    8. Sufo Kankeu, Richard & Tsayem Demaze, Moise & Krott, Max & Sonwa, Denis Jean & Ongolo, Symphorien, 2020. "Governing knowledge transfer for deforestation monitoring: Insights from REDD+ projects in the Congo Basin region," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C).
    9. Weatherley-Singh, Janice & Gupta, Aarti, 2017. "An ecological landscape approach to REDD+ in Madagascar: Promise and limitations?," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(P1), pages 1-9.
    10. Sills, Erin & Pfaff, Alexander & Andrade, Luiza & Kirkpatrick, Justin & Dickson, Rebecca, 2020. "Investing in local capacity to respond to a federal environmental mandate: Forest & economic impacts of the Green Municipality Program in the Brazilian Amazon," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 129(C).
    11. Ekawati, Sulistya & Subarudi, & Budiningsih, Kushartati & Sari, Galih Kartika & Muttaqin, Muhammad Zahrul, 2019. "Policies affecting the implementation of REDD+ in Indonesia (cases in Papua, Riau and Central Kalimantan)," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 1-1.
    12. Edi Purwanto & Hery Santoso & Idsert Jelsma & Atiek Widayati & Hunggul Y. S. H. Nugroho & Meine van Noordwijk, 2020. "Agroforestry as Policy Option for Forest-Zone Oil Palm Production in Indonesia," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(12), pages 1-34, December.
    13. Atela, Joanes O. & Quinn, Claire H. & Minang, Peter A. & Duguma, Lalisa A. & Houdet, Joël A., 2016. "Implementing REDD+ at the national level: Stakeholder engagement and policy coherences between REDD+ rules and Kenya's sectoral policies," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 37-46.
    14. van Noordwijk, Meine, 2019. "Integrated natural resource management as pathway to poverty reduction: Innovating practices, institutions and policies," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 172(C), pages 60-71.
    15. Meine van Noordwijk & Vincent Gitz & Peter A. Minang & Sonya Dewi & Beria Leimona & Lalisa Duguma & Nathanaël Pingault & Alexandre Meybeck, 2020. "People-Centric Nature-Based Land Restoration through Agroforestry: A Typology," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-29, July.
    16. Ochieng, R.M. & Visseren-Hamakers, I.J. & Brockhaus, M. & Kowler, L.F. & Herold, M. & Arts, B., 2016. "Historical development of institutional arrangements for forest monitoring and REDD+ MRV in Peru: Discursive-institutionalist perspectives," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 52-59.
    17. Sheng, Jichuan & Qiu, Hong, 2018. "Governmentality within REDD+: Optimizing incentives and efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 611-622.
    18. Sufo Kankeu, Richard & Tsayem Demaze, Moise & Krott, Max & Sonwa, Denis Jean & Ongolo, Symphorien, 2020. "Reprint of "Governing knowledge transfer for deforestation monitoring: Insights from REDD+ projects in the Congo Basin region"," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C).

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