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The Emergence of Novel Science-related Fields: Regional or Technological Patterns? Exploration and Exploitation in United Kingdom Nanotechnology

Author

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  • Martin Meyer
  • Dirk Libaers
  • Jae-Hwan Park

Abstract

Meyer M., Libaers D. and Park J.-H. The emergence of novel science-related fields: regional or technological patterns? Exploration and exploitation in United Kingdom nanotechnology, Regional Studies. An extensive literature addresses the emergence of new technologies in their geographical and cognitive context. Drawing on a spatial innovation systems approach, this issue is explored for a newly emerging area: nano-science and nanotechnology. This study draws on a multi-method approach to explore the emergence of nanotechnology in the United Kingdom, covering bibliometric, patent, and firm-level data. The results point to regional concentrations of scientific and technological activity as well as to a concentration of nanotechnology firms in the well-established 'science hubs'. However, further inspection of the evidence also hints at the importance of non-local links and networks along technological paths. [image omitted] Meyer M., Libaers D. et Park J.-H. La naissance des domaines d'application scientifiques originaux: une structure regionale ou technologique? Etudier et exploiter la nanotechnologie au Royaume-Uni, Regional Studies. Une documentation complete aborde la question de la naissance des nouvelles technologies dans leur contexte geographique et cognitif. Puisant dans une approche spatiale qui porte sur les systemes d'innovation, on etudie cette question par rapport a un domaine d'application original: a savoir la nano-science et la nanotechnologie. Cette etude puise dans une approche a methodes multiples afin d'examiner la naissance de la nanotechnologie au Royaume-Uni, employant des donnees au niveau de la bibliometrie, des brevets et des entreprises. Les resultats indiquent des concentrations regionales de l'activite scientifique et technologique ainsi qu'une concentration des entreprises nanotechologiques situees dans les 'technopoles'. Toujours est-il qu'apres un examen plus approfondi, les resultats laissent voir l'importance des rapports et des reseaux externes le long des sentiers technologiques. Analyse des brevets Bibliometrie Systemes d'innovation Technologies naissantes Nano-districts Meyer M., Libaers D. und Park J.-H. Das Entstehen neuer wissenschaftlicher Gebiete: regionale oder technologische Muster? Untersuchung und Verwertung in der Nanotechnologie Grossbritanniens, Regional Studies. Das Entstehen neuer Technologien in ihrem jeweiligen geografischen und kognitiven Kontext wird in der Literatur ausfuhrlich untersucht. Im Rahmen eines Ansatzes der raumlichen Innovationssysteme wird dieses Thema fur den neu entstandenen Bereich der Nanowissenschaft und Nanotechnologie erortert. In der Studie, die auf einem Ansatz mit mehreren Methoden aufbaut, wird das Entstehen der Nanotechnologie in Grossbritannien unter Berucksichtigung von bibliometrischen sowie von Patent- und Firmendaten untersucht. Die Ergebnisse lassen auf regionale Konzentrationen von wissenschaftlichen und technologischen Aktivitaten sowie auf eine Konzentration von Nanotechnologiefirmen in den fest etablierten 'wissenschaftlichen Drehkreuzen' schliessen. Allerdings ergeben sich bei einer naheren Untersuchung der Belege auch Anzeichen fur die Bedeutung von nicht lokalen Verknupfungen und Netzwerken entlang der technologischen Wege. Patentanalyse Bibliometrie Innovationssysteme Neu entstehende Technologien Nanobezirke Meyer M., Libaers D. y Park J.-H. La aparicion de nuevos campos relacionados con la ciencia: ¿modelos regionales o tecnologicos? Exploracion y valoracion de la nanotecnologia en el Reino Unido, Regional Studies. En la literatura se estudia exhaustivamente la aparicion de nuevas tecnologias en su contexto geografico y cognitivo. En el marco de un enfoque basado en los sistemas de innovacion espaciales, analizamos este tema para un nuevo campo emergente: la nanociencia y la nanotecnologia. En este estudio nos basamos en un enfoque de varios metodos, teniendo en cuenta datos bibliometricos, de patentes y a nivel de empresas, para analizar el surgimiento de la nanotecnologia en el Reino Unido. Los resultados indican concentraciones regionales de actividades cientificas y tecnologicas asi como una concentracion de empresas de nanotecnologia en 'ejes cientificos' bien establecidos. Sin embargo, una inspeccion mas exhaustiva muestra tambien indicios de la importancia de los vinculos no locales y las redes a lo largo de la vias tecnologicas. Analisis de patentes Bibliometria Sistemas de innovacion Tecnologias emergentes Nanodistritos

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Meyer & Dirk Libaers & Jae-Hwan Park, 2011. "The Emergence of Novel Science-related Fields: Regional or Technological Patterns? Exploration and Exploitation in United Kingdom Nanotechnology," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(7), pages 935-959.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:7:p:935-959
    DOI: 10.1080/00343401003792468
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Grimaldi, Michele & Cricelli, Livio & Di Giovanni, Martina & Rogo, Francesco, 2015. "The patent portfolio value analysis: A new framework to leverage patent information for strategic technology planning," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 286-302.
    2. Danny MacKinnon & Stuart Dawley & Markus Steen & Max-Peter Menzel & Asbjørn Karlsen & Pascal Sommer & Gard Hopsdal Hansen & Håkon Endresen Normann, 2018. "Path creation, global production networks and regional development: a comparative international analysis of the offshore wind sector," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1810, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Feb 2018.

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